Evolutive two-level population process and large population approximations

  • We are interested in modeling the Darwinian evolution of a population described by two levels of biological parameters: individuals characterized by an heritable phenotypic trait submitted to mutation and natural selection and cells in these individuals influencing their ability to consume resources and to reproduce. Our models are rooted in the microscopic description of a random (discrete) population of individuals characterized by one or several adaptive traits and cells characterized by their type. The population is modeled as a stochastic point process whose generator captures the probabilistic dynamics over continuous time of birth, mutation and death for individuals and birth and death for cells. The interaction between individuals (resp. between cells) is described by a competition between individual traits (resp. between cell types). We are looking for tractable large population approximations. By combining various scalings on population size, birth and death rates and mutation step, the single microscopic model is shown toWe are interested in modeling the Darwinian evolution of a population described by two levels of biological parameters: individuals characterized by an heritable phenotypic trait submitted to mutation and natural selection and cells in these individuals influencing their ability to consume resources and to reproduce. Our models are rooted in the microscopic description of a random (discrete) population of individuals characterized by one or several adaptive traits and cells characterized by their type. The population is modeled as a stochastic point process whose generator captures the probabilistic dynamics over continuous time of birth, mutation and death for individuals and birth and death for cells. The interaction between individuals (resp. between cells) is described by a competition between individual traits (resp. between cell types). We are looking for tractable large population approximations. By combining various scalings on population size, birth and death rates and mutation step, the single microscopic model is shown to lead to contrasting nonlinear macroscopic limits of different nature: deterministic approximations, in the form of ordinary, integro- or partial differential equations, or probabilistic ones, like stochastic partial differential equations or superprocesses.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Sylvie Méléard, Sylvie RoellyGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-64604
ISBN:2193-6943
Series (Serial Number):Preprints des Instituts für Mathematik der Universität Potsdam (2 (2013) 8)
Document Type:Preprint
Language:English
Year of Completion:2013
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2013/03/05
Tag:Two-level interacting process; birth-death-mutation-competition point process; non-linear integro-differential equations
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Mathematik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 51 Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
MSC Classification:35-XX PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS / 35Qxx Equations of mathematical physics and other areas of application [See also 35J05, 35J10, 35K05, 35L05] / 35Q92 PDEs in connection with biology and other natural sciences
60-XX PROBABILITY THEORY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES (For additional applications, see 11Kxx, 62-XX, 90-XX, 91-XX, 92-XX, 93-XX, 94-XX) / 60Gxx Stochastic processes / 60G55 Point processes
60-XX PROBABILITY THEORY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES (For additional applications, see 11Kxx, 62-XX, 90-XX, 91-XX, 92-XX, 93-XX, 94-XX) / 60Gxx Stochastic processes / 60G57 Random measures
60-XX PROBABILITY THEORY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES (For additional applications, see 11Kxx, 62-XX, 90-XX, 91-XX, 92-XX, 93-XX, 94-XX) / 60Jxx Markov processes / 60J68 Superprocesses
60-XX PROBABILITY THEORY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES (For additional applications, see 11Kxx, 62-XX, 90-XX, 91-XX, 92-XX, 93-XX, 94-XX) / 60Jxx Markov processes / 60J80 Branching processes (Galton-Watson, birth-and-death, etc.)
Collections:Universität Potsdam / Schriftenreihen / Preprints des Instituts für Mathematik der Universität Potsdam, ISSN 2193-6943 / 2013
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:RVK-Klassifikation: SI 990