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Variations in the total electron content of the ionosphere during preparation of earthquakes

  • The morphological features in the deviations of the total electron content (TEC) of the ionosphere from the background undisturbed state as possible precursors of the earthquake of January 12, 2010 (21:53 UT (16:53 LT), 18.46A degrees N, 72.5A degrees W, 7.0 M) in Haiti are analyzed. To identify these features, global and regional differential TEC maps based on global 2-h TEC maps provided by NASA in the IONEX format were plotted. For the considered earthquake, long-lived disturbances, presumably of seismic origin, were localized in the near-epicenter area and were accompanied by similar effects in the magnetoconjugate region. Both decreases and increases in the local TEC over the period from 22 UT of January 10 to 08 UT of January 12, 2010 were observed. The horizontal dimensions of the anomalies were similar to 40A degrees in longitude and similar to 20A degrees in latitude, with the magnitude of TEC disturbances reaching similar to 40% relative to the background near the epicenter and more than 50% in the magnetoconjugate area. NoThe morphological features in the deviations of the total electron content (TEC) of the ionosphere from the background undisturbed state as possible precursors of the earthquake of January 12, 2010 (21:53 UT (16:53 LT), 18.46A degrees N, 72.5A degrees W, 7.0 M) in Haiti are analyzed. To identify these features, global and regional differential TEC maps based on global 2-h TEC maps provided by NASA in the IONEX format were plotted. For the considered earthquake, long-lived disturbances, presumably of seismic origin, were localized in the near-epicenter area and were accompanied by similar effects in the magnetoconjugate region. Both decreases and increases in the local TEC over the period from 22 UT of January 10 to 08 UT of January 12, 2010 were observed. The horizontal dimensions of the anomalies were similar to 40A degrees in longitude and similar to 20A degrees in latitude, with the magnitude of TEC disturbances reaching similar to 40% relative to the background near the epicenter and more than 50% in the magnetoconjugate area. No significant geomagnetic disturbances within January 1-12, 2010 were observed, i.e., the detected TEC anomalies were manifestations of interplay between processes in the lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere system.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:O. V. Zolotov, Boris E. Prokhorov, A. A. Namgaladze, O. V. Martynenko
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1134/S1990793111030146
ISSN:1990-7931 (print)
Parent Title (English):Russian journal of physical chemistry : B, Focus on physics
Publisher:Pleiades Publ.
Place of publication:New York
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:GPS; TEC; ionospheric precursors of earthquakes
Volume:5
Issue:3
Pagenumber:4
First Page:435
Last Page:438
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Mathematik
Peer Review:Referiert