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Regional impact assessment of land use scenarios in developing countries using the FoPIA approach - findings from five case studies

  • The impact of land use changes on sustainable development is of increasing interest in many regions of the world. This study aimed to test the transferability of the Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment (FoPIA), which was originally developed in the European context, to developing countries, in which lack of data often prevents the use of data-driven impact assessment methods. The core aspect of FoPIA is the stakeholder-based assessment of alternative land use scenarios. Scenario impacts on regional sustainability are assessed by using a set of nine regional land use functions (LUFs), which equally cover the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability. The cases analysed in this study include (1) the alternative spatial planning policies around the Merapi volcano and surrounding areas of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia; (2) the large-scale afforestation of agricultural areas to reduce soil erosion in Guyuan, China; (3) the expansion of soil and water conservation measures in the Oum Zessar watershed, Tunisia;The impact of land use changes on sustainable development is of increasing interest in many regions of the world. This study aimed to test the transferability of the Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment (FoPIA), which was originally developed in the European context, to developing countries, in which lack of data often prevents the use of data-driven impact assessment methods. The core aspect of FoPIA is the stakeholder-based assessment of alternative land use scenarios. Scenario impacts on regional sustainability are assessed by using a set of nine regional land use functions (LUFs), which equally cover the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability. The cases analysed in this study include (1) the alternative spatial planning policies around the Merapi volcano and surrounding areas of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia; (2) the large-scale afforestation of agricultural areas to reduce soil erosion in Guyuan, China; (3) the expansion of soil and water conservation measures in the Oum Zessar watershed, Tunisia; (4) the agricultural intensification and the potential for organic agriculture in Bijapur, India; and (5) the land degradation and land conflicts resulting from land division and privatisation in Narok, Kenya. All five regions are characterised by population growth, partially combined with considerable economic development, environmental degradation problems and social conflicts. Implications of the regional scenario impacts as well as methodological aspects are discussed. Overall, FoPIA proved to be a useful tool for diagnosing regional human-environment interactions and for supporting the communication and social learning process among different stakeholder groups.show moreshow less

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Author:Hannes Jochen König, Sandra Uthes, Johannes Schuler, Lin Zhen, Seema Purushothaman, Utia Suarma, Mongi Sghaier, Stella Makokha, Katharina Helming, Stefan Sieber, Le Chen, Floor Brouwer, Jake Morris, Hubert WiggeringORCiDGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.021
ISSN:0301-4797 (print)
ISSN:1095-8630 (online)
Parent Title (English):Journal of environmental management
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:(Ex-ante) impact assessment; Developing countries; Indicators; Land use change; Scenario study; Stakeholder participation; Sustainable development
Volume:127
Pagenumber:9
First Page:S56
Last Page:S64
Funder:European Commission within the 6th Framework Program on Sustainable Development, Global Change and Ecosystems; Robert-Bosch-Stiftung; Ten Year's Eco-Environment Assessment and Key Project for Strategic Science Plan in IGSNRR of CAS [STSN-14-00, 2012ZD007]
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Erd- und Umweltwissenschaften
Peer Review:Referiert