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We discuss the role of gravitational excitons/radions in different cosmological scenarios. Gravitational excitons are massive moduli fields which describe conformal excitations of the internal spaces and which, due to their Planck-scale suppressed coupling to matter fields, are WIMPs. It is demonstrated that, depending on the concrete scenario, observational cosmological data set strong restrictions on the allowed masses and initial oscillation amplitudes of these particles

Multidimensional cosmological models : Cosmological and astrophysical implications and constraints
(2004)

We investigate four-dimensional effective theories which are obtained by dimensional reduction of multidimensional cosmological models with factorizable geometry and we consider the interaction between conformal excitations of the internal space (geometrical moduli excitations) and Abelian gauge fields. It is assumed that the internal space background can be stabilized by minima of an effective potential. The conformal excitations over such a background have the form of massive scalar fields (gravitational excitons) propagating in the external spacetime. We discuss cosmological and astrophysical implications of the interaction between gravexcitons and four-dimensional photons as well as constraints arising on multidimensional models of the type considered in our paper. In particular, we show that due to the experimental bounds on the variation of the fine-structure constant, gravexcitons should decay before nucleosynthesis starts. For a successful nucleosynthesis, the masses of the decaying gravexcitons should be mgreater than or similar to10(4) GeV. Furthermore, we discuss the possible contribution of gravexcitons to ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays. It is shown that, at energies Esimilar to10(20) eV, the decay length of gravexcitons with masses mgreater than or similar to10(4) GeV is very small, but that for mless than or similar to10(2) GeV it becomes much larger than the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin cutoff distance. Finally, we investigate the possibility for gravexciton-photon oscillations in strong magnetic fields of astrophysical objects. The corresponding estimates indicate that even the high-magnetic- field strengths B of magnetars (special types of pulsars with B>B(critical)similar to4.4x10(13) G) are not sufficient for an efficient and copious production of gravexcitons

We study multi-dimensional gravitational models with scalar curvature nonlinearities of types R-1 and R-4. It is assumed that the corresponding higher dimensional spacetime manifolds undergo a spontaneous compactification to manifolds with a warped product structure. Special attention has been paid to the stability of the extra-dimensional factor spaces. It is shown that for certain parameter regions the systems allow for a freezing stabilization of these spaces. In particular, we find for the R-1 model that configurations with stabilized extra dimensions do not provide a late-time Acceleration (they are AdS), whereas the solution branch which allows. for accelerated expansion (the dS branch) is incompatible with stabilized factor spaces. In the case of the R-4 model, we obtain that the stability region in parameter space depends on the total dimension D = dim(M) of the higher dimensional spacetime M. Tor D > 8 the stability region consists of a single (absolutely stable) sector which is shielded from a conformal singularity (and an antigravity sector beyond it) by a potential barrier of infinite height and width. This sector is smoothly connected with the stability region of a curvature-linear model. For D < 8 an additional (metastable) sector exists Which is separated from the conformal singularity by a potential barrier of finite height and width so that systems in this sector are prone to collapse into the conformal singularity. This second sector is not smoothly connected with the first (absolutely stable) one. Several limiting cases and the possibility of inflation are discussed for the R-4 model