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We demonstrate the simultaneous quantum state reconstruction of the spectral modes of the light field emitted by a continuous wave degenerate optical parametric amplifier. The scheme is based on broadband measurement of the quantum fluctuations of the electric field quadratures and subsequent Fourier decomposition into spectral intervals. Applying the standard reconstruction algorithms to each bandwidth-limited quantum trajectory, a "spectrum" of density matrices and Wigner functions is obtained. The recorded states show a smooth transition from the squeezed vacuum to a vacuum state. In the time domain we evaluated the first order correlation function of the squeezed output field, showing good agreement with theory.

We calculate the shift in the critical temperature of Bose-Einstein condensation for a dilute Bose-Fermi mixture confined by a harmonic potential, to lowest order in both the Bose-Bose and Bose-Fermi coupling constans. The relativ importance of the effect on the critical temperature of the boson-fermion interactions is investigated as a function of the parameters of mixture. The possible relevance of the shift of the transition temperature in current experiments on trapped Bose-Fermi mixtures is discussed.

We determine the ground state properties of inhomogeneous mixtures of bosons and fermions in cubic lattices and parabolic confining potentials. For finite hopping we determine the domain boundaries between Mott-insulator plateaux and hopping-dominated regions for lattices of arbitrary dimension within mean-field and perturbation theory. The results are compared with a new numerical method that is based on a Gutzwiller variational approach for the bosons and an exact treatment for the fermions. The findings can be applied as a guideline for future experiments with trapped atomic Bose- Fermi mixtures in optical lattices

We consider a dilute homogeneous mixture of bosons and spin-polarized fermions at zero temperature. We first construct the formal scheme for carrying out systematic perturbation theory in terms of single particle Green's functions. We introduce a new relevant object, the renormalized boson-fermion T-matrix which we determine to second order in the boson-fermion s-wave scattering length. We also discuss how to incorporate the usual boson-boson T-matrix in mean-field approximation to obtain the total ground state properties of the system. The next order term beyond mean- field stems from the boson-fermion interaction and is proportional to $a_{scriptsize BF}k_{scriptsize F}$. The total ground-state energy-density reads $E/V =epsilon_{scriptsize F} + epsilon_{scriptsize B} + (2pihbar^{2}a_{
m BF}n_{scriptsize B}n_{scriptsize F}/m) [1 + a_{scriptsize BF}k_{scriptsize F}f(delta)/pi]$. The first term is the kinetic energy of the free fermions, the second term is the boson-boson mean-field interaction, the pre-factor to the additional term is the usual mean-field contribution to the boson-fermion interaction energy, and the second term in the square brackets is the second-order correction, where $f(delta)$ is a known function of $delta= (m_{scriptsize B} - m_{scriptsize F})/(m_{scriptsize B} + m_{scriptsize F})$. We discuss the relevance of this new term, how it can be incorporated into existing theories of boson-fermion mixtures, and its importance in various parameter regimes, in particular considering mixtures of $^{6}$Li and $^{7}$Li and of $^{3}$He and $^{4}$He.

We derive exact thermodynamic identities relating the average number of condensed atoms and the root-mean- square fluctuations determined in different statistical ensembles for the weakly interacting Bose gas confined in a box. This is achieved by introducing the concept of auxiliary partition functions for model Hamiltonians that do conserve the total number of particles. Exploiting such thermodynamic identities, we provide the first, completely analytical prediction of the microcanonical particle number fluctuations in the weakly interacting Bose gas. Such fluctuations, as a function of the volume V of the box are found to behave normally, in contrast wiht the anomalous scaling behaviour V3/ 4 of the fluctuations in the ideal Bose gas.

We compute the shift of the critical temperature Tc with respect to the ideal case for a weakly interacting uniform Bose gas. We work in the framework of the canonical ensemble, extending the criterion of condensation provided by the canonical particle counting statistics for the zero-momentum state of the uniform ideal gas. The perturbative solution of the crossover equation to lowest order in power of the scattering length yields (Tc - Tc0)/Tc0=-0,93ap 1/3, where Tc0 is the transition temperature of the corresponding ideal Bose gas , a is the scattering length, and p is the particle number density. This is at vaiance with the standard grand canonical prediction of a null shift of the critical temperature in the lowest perturbative order. The non-equevalence of statistical ensemble for the ideal Bose gas is thus confirm (at the lowestperturbative level) also in the presence of interactions.