## 2015

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#### Institute

We continue our study of invariant forms of the classical equations of mathematical physics,
such as the Maxwell equations or the Lamé system, on manifold with boundary. To this end we interpret them in terms of the de Rham complex at a certain step. On using the structure of the complex we get an insight to predict a degeneracy deeply encoded
in the equations. In the present paper we develop an invariant approach to the classical Navier-Stokes equations.

We consider a Cauchy problem for the heat equation in a cylinder X x (0,T) over a domain X in the n-dimensional space with data on a strip lying on the lateral surface. The strip is of the form
S x (0,T), where S is an open subset of the boundary of X. The problem is ill-posed. Under natural restrictions on the configuration of S we derive an explicit formula for solutions of this problem.

In this paper we study the convergence of continuous Newton method for solving nonlinear equations with holomorphic mappings in complex Banach spaces. Our contribution is based on a recent progress in the geometric theory of spirallike functions. We prove convergence theorems and illustrate them by numerical simulations.

In this work we study reciprocal classes of Markov walks on graphs. Given a continuous time reference Markov chain on a graph, its reciprocal class is the set of all probability measures which can be represented as a mixture of the bridges of the reference walks. We characterize reciprocal classes with two different approaches. With the first approach we found it as the set of solutions to duality formulae on path space, where the differential operators have the interpretation of the addition of infinitesimal random loops to the paths of the canonical process. With the second approach we look at short time asymptotics of bridges. Both approaches allow an explicit computation of reciprocal characteristics, which are divided into two families, the loop characteristics and the arc characteristics. They are those specific functionals of the generator of the reference chain which determine its reciprocal class. We look at the specific examples such as Cayley graphs, the hypercube and planar graphs. Finally we establish the first concentration of measure results for the bridges of a continuous time Markov chain based on the reciprocal characteristics.

We describe a natural construction of deformation quantisation on a compact symplectic manifold with boundary. On the algebra of quantum observables a trace functional is defined which as usual annihilates the commutators. This gives rise to an index as the trace of the unity element. We formulate the index theorem as a conjecture and examine it by the classical harmonic oscillator.

Let A be a nonlinear differential operator on an open set X in R^n and S a closed subset of X. Given a class F of functions in X, the set S is said to be removable for F relative to A if any weak solution of A (u) = 0 in the complement of S of class F satisfies this equation weakly in all of X. For the most extensively studied classes F we show conditions on S which guarantee that S is removable for F relative to A.