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Contents: Chapter 5: Manifolds with Isolated Singularities 5.1. Differential Operators and the Geometry of Singularities 5.1.1. How do isolated singularities arise? Examples 5.1.2. Definition and methods for the description of manifolds with isolated singularities 5.1.3. Bundles. The cotangent bundle 5.2. Asymptotics of Solutions, Function Spaces,Conormal Symbols 5.2.1. Conical singularities 5.2.2. Cuspidal singularities 5.3. A Universal Representation of Degenerate Operators and the Finiteness Theorem 5.3.1. The cylindrical representation 5.3.2. Continuity and compactness 5.3.3. Ellipticity and the finiteness theorem 5.4. Calculus of ΨDO 5.4.1. General ΨDO 5.4.2. The subalgebra of stabilizing ΨDO 5.4.3. Ellipticity and the finiteness theorem

Green formulae for elliptic cone differential operators are established. This is achieved by an accurate description of the maximal domain of an elliptic cone differential operator and its formal adjoint; thereby utilizing the concept of a discrete asymptotic type. From this description, the singular coefficients replacing the boundary traces in classical Green formulas are deduced.

We construct a class of elliptic operators in the edge algebra on a manifold M with an embedded submanifold Y interpreted as an edge. The ellipticity refers to a principal symbolic structure consisting of the standard interior symbol and an operator-valued edge symbol. Given a differential operator A on M for every (sufficiently large) s we construct an associated operator As in the edge calculus. We show that ellipticity of A in the usual sense entails ellipticity of As as an edge operator (up to a discrete set of reals s). Parametrices P of A then correspond to parametrices Ps of As, interpreted as Mellin-edge representations of P.

Mixed elliptic boundary value problems are characterised by conditions which have a jump along an interface of codimension 1 on the boundary. We study such problems in weighted edge Sobolev spaces and show the Fredholm property and the existence of parametrices under additional conditions of trace and potential type on the interface. Our methods from the calculus of boundary value problems on a manifold with edges will be illustrated by the Zaremba problem and other mixed problems for the Laplace operator.

We investigate crack problems, where the crack boundary has conical singularities. Elliptic operators with two-sided elliptc boundary conditions on the plus and minus sides of the crack will be interpreted as elements of a corner algebra of boundary value problems. The corresponding operators will be completed by extra edge conditions on the crack boundary to Fredholm operators in corner Sobolev spaces with double weights, and there are parametrices within the calculus.

Contents: Chapter 3: Eta Invariant and the Spectral Flow 3.1. Introduction 3.2. The Classical Spectral Flow 3.2.1. Definition and main properties 3.2.2. The spectral flow formula for periodic families 3.3. The Atiyah–Patodi–Singer Eta Invariant 3.3.1. Definition of the eta invariant 3.3.2. Variation under deformations of the operator 3.3.3. Homotopy invariance. Examples 3.4. The Eta Invariant of Families with Parameter (Melrose’s Theory) 3.4.1. A trace on the algebra of parameter-dependent operators 3.4.2. Definition of the Melrose eta invariant 3.4.3. Relationship with the Atiyah–Patodi–Singer eta invariant 3.4.4. Locality of the derivative of the eta invariant. Examples 3.5. The Spectral Flow of Families of Parameter-Dependent Operators 3.5.1. Meromorphic operator functions. Multiplicities of singular points 3.5.2. Definition of the spectral flow 3.6. Higher Spectral Flows 3.6.1. Spectral sections 3.6.2. Spectral flow of homotopies of families of self-adjoint operators 3.6.3. Spectral flow of homotopies of families of parameter-dependent operators 3.7. Bibliographical Remarks

Contents: Chapter 4: Pseudodifferential Operators 4.1. Preliminary Remarks 4.1.1. Why are pseudodifferential operators needed? 4.1.2. What is a pseudodifferential operator? 4.1.3. What properties should the pseudodifferential calculus possess? 4.2. Classical Pseudodifferential Operators on Smooth Manifolds 4.2.1. Definition of pseudodifferential operators on a manifold 4.2.2. Hörmander’s definition of pseudodifferential operators 4.2.3. Basic properties of pseudodifferential operators 4.3. Pseudodifferential Operators in Sections of Hilbert Bundles 4.3.1. Hilbert bundles 4.3.2. Operator-valued symbols. Specific features of the infinite-dimensional case 4.3.3. Symbols of compact fiber variation 4.3.4. Definition of pseudodifferential operators 4.3.5. The composition theorem 4.3.6. Ellipticity 4.3.7. The finiteness theorem 4.4. The Index Theorem 4.4.1. The Atiyah–Singer index theorem 4.4.2. The index theorem for pseudodifferential operators in sections of Hilbert bundles 4.4.3. Proof of the index theorem 4.5. Bibliographical Remarks

In this paper, by a new constructive method, the authors reprove the global exact boundary controllability of a class of quasilinear hyperbolic systems of conservation laws with linearly degenerate fields. It is shown that the system with nonlinear boundary conditions is globally exactly boundary controllable in the class of piecewise C¹ functions. In particular, the authors give the optimal control time of the system. Finally, a new application is also given.