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On completeness of root functions of Sturm-Liouville problems with discontinuous boundary operators
(2012)

We consider a Sturm-Liouville boundary value problem in a bounded domain D of R^n. By this is meant that the differential equation is given by a second order elliptic operator of divergent form in D and the boundary conditions are of Robin type on bD. The first order term of the boundary operator is the oblique derivative whose coefficients bear discontinuities of the first kind. Applying the method of weak perturbation of compact self-adjoint operators and the method of rays of minimal growth, we prove the completeness of root functions related to the boundary value problem in Lebesgue and Sobolev spaces of various types.

We continue our study of invariant forms of the classical equations of mathematical physics,
such as the Maxwell equations or the Lamé system, on manifold with boundary. To this end we interpret them in terms of the de Rham complex at a certain step. On using the structure of the complex we get an insight to predict a degeneracy deeply encoded
in the equations. In the present paper we develop an invariant approach to the classical Navier-Stokes equations.

We consider the Navier-Stokes equations in the layer R^n x [0,T] over R^n with finite T > 0. Using the standard fundamental solutions of the Laplace operator and the heat operator, we reduce the Navier-Stokes equations to a nonlinear Fredholm equation of the form (I+K) u = f, where K is a compact continuous operator in anisotropic normed Hölder spaces weighted at the point at infinity with respect to the space variables. Actually, the weight function is included to provide a finite energy estimate for solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations for all t in [0,T]. On using the particular properties of the de Rham complex we conclude that the Fréchet derivative (I+K)' is continuously invertible at each point of the Banach space under consideration and the map I+K is open and injective in the space. In this way the Navier-Stokes equations prove to induce an open one-to-one mapping in the scale of Hölder spaces.

Let X be a smooth n -dimensional manifold and D be an open connected set in X with smooth boundary ∂D. Perturbing the Cauchy problem for an elliptic system Au = f in D with data on a closed set Γ ⊂ ∂D we obtain a family of mixed problems depending on a small parameter ε > 0. Although the mixed problems are subject to a non-coercive boundary condition on ∂D\Γ in general, each of them is uniquely solvable in an appropriate Hilbert space DT and the corresponding family {uε} of solutions approximates the solution of the Cauchy problem in DT whenever the solution exists. We also prove that the existence of a solution to the Cauchy problem in DT is equivalent to the boundedness of the family {uε}. We thus derive a solvability condition for the Cauchy problem and an effective method of constructing its solution. Examples for Dirac operators in the Euclidean space Rn are considered. In the latter case we obtain a family of mixed boundary problems for the Helmholtz equation.

Formal Poincaré lemma
(2007)

We show how the multiple application of the formal Cauchy-Kovalevskaya theorem leads to the main result of the formal theory of overdetermined systems of partial differential equations. Namely, any sufficiently regular system Au = f with smooth coefficients on an open set U ⊂ Rn admits a solution in smooth sections of a bundle of formal power series, provided that f satisfies a compatibility condition in U.

We prove the existence of a limit in Hm(D) of iterations of a double layer potential constructed from the Hodge parametrix on a smooth compact manifold with boundary, X, and a crack S ⊂ ∂D, D being a domain in X. Using this result we obtain formulas for Sobolev solutions to the Cauchy problem in D with data on S, for an elliptic operator A of order m ≥ 1, whenever these solutions exist. This representation involves the sum of a series whose terms are iterations of the double layer potential. A similar regularisation is constructed also for a mixed problem in D.

Let X be a smooth n-dimensional manifold and D be an open connected set in X with smooth boundary OD. Perturbing the Cauchy problem for an elliptic system Au = f in D with data on a closed set Gamma subset of partial derivativeD, we obtain a family of mixed problems depending on a small parameter epsilon > 0. Although the mixed problems are subjected to a noncoercive boundary condition on partial derivativeDF in general, each of them is uniquely solvable in an appropriate Hilbert space D-T and the corresponding family {u(epsilon)} of solutions approximates the solution of the Cauchy problem in D-T whenever the solution exists. We also prove that the existence of a solution to the Cauchy problem in D-T is equivalent to the boundedness of the family {u(epsilon)}. We thus derive a solvability condition for the Cauchy problem and an effective method of constructing the solution. Examples for Dirac operators in the Euclidean space R-n are treated. In this case, we obtain a family of mixed boundary problems for the Helmholtz equation