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- relative index (6)
- elliptic operators (5)
- index theory (4)
- manifold with singularities (4)
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- Atiyah-Bott obstruction (2)
- Lefschetz fixed point formula (2)
- boundary value problems (2)

Relative elliptic theory
(2002)

This paper is a survey of relative elliptic theory (i.e. elliptic theory in the category of smooth embeddings), closely related to the Sobolev problem, first studied by Sternin in the 1960s. We consider both analytic aspects to the theory (the structure of the algebra of morphismus, ellipticity, Fredholm property) and topological aspects (index formulas and Riemann-Roch theorems). We also study the algebra of Green operators arising as a subalgebra of the algebra of morphisms.

We prove a theorem describing the behaviour of the relative index of families of Fredholm operators under surgery performed on spaces where the operators act. In connection with additional conditions (like symmetry conditions) this theorem results in index formulas for given operator families. By way of an example, we give an application to index theory of families of boundary value problems.

We prove a general theorem on the behavior of the relative index under surgery for a wide class of Fredholm operators, including relative index theorems for elliptic operators due to Gromov-Lawson, Anghel, Teleman, Booß-Bavnbek-Wojciechowski, et al. as special cases. In conjunction with additional conditions (like symmetry conditions), this theorem permits one to compute the analytical index of a given operator. In particular, we obtain new index formulas for elliptic pseudodifferential operators and quantized canonical transformations on manifolds with conical singularities.