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The esters of 4-hydroxy-cyclohexanone and a series of carboxylic acids R-COOH with R of different electronic and steric influence (R=Me, Et, n-Pr, i-Pr, n-Bu, i-Bu, sec-Bu, t-Bu, CF3, CH2Cl, CHCl2, CCl3, CH2Br, CHBr2, and CBr3) were synthesized and the conformational equilibria studied by H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy at 103 K and at 295 K, respectively. The geometry of optimized structures of the axial 'equatorial chair conformers was computed at the ab initio MO and DFT levels of theory. Only one preferred conformation was obtained for the axial and the equatorial conformer as well. When comparing the conformational equilibria of the cyclohexanone esters with those of the corresponding cyclohexyl esters a certain polarity contribution of the cyclohexanone framework was revealed, which is independent of the substituent effects and increases the stability of the axial conformers by a constant amount.

A number of N-substituted 2,2-dimethyl-1,4,2-oxazasilinanes 1 were synthesized and studied by variable temperature dynamic H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy, room temperature N-15 NMR spectroscopy and theoretical calculations at the DFT and MP2 levels of theory. Both the preferred conformers were assigned and the barrier to the ring inversion of the saturated six-membered ring determined. From 1 the corresponding methyl iodide salts were produced, their structure studied by X-ray analysis and found to be in excellent agreement with the results of the theoretical calculations.

1-Isopropyl-3-methyl-3-phenyl-1,3-azasilinane 1 and 1-isopropyl-3,3-dimethyl-1,3-azasilinane 2 were synthesized and a detailed analysis of their NMR spectra, conformational equilibria and ring inversion processes is presented. Low temperature H-1/C-13 NMR spectroscopy, iteration of the H-1 NMR spectra and quantum chemical calculations showed slight predominance of the PheqMeax over the PhaxMeeq conformer of 1 at low temperature. The barrier for the chair to chair interconversion of both compounds was measured to be 8.25 kcal/mol.

The molecular structure and conformational behavior of 3-methyl-3-phenyl-3-silatetrahydropyran 1 was studied by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED-MS), low temperature C-13 NMR spectroscopy (LT NMR) and theoretical calculations. The 1-Ph-eq and 1-Ph-ax conformers were located on the potential energy surface. Rotation about the Si-C-ph bond revealed the phenyl ring orthogonal to the averaged plane of the silatetrahydropyran ring for 1-Ph-eq and a twisted orientation for 1-Ph-ax. Theoretical calculations and GED analysis indicate the predominance of 1-Ph-ax in the gas phase with the ratio of conformers (GED) 1-Ph-eq:1-Ph-ax=38:62 (Delta G degrees(307)=-0.29 kcal/mol). In solution, LT NMR spectroscopy gives almost the opposite ratio Ph-eq:1-Ph-ax=68:32 (Delta G degrees(103)=0.16 kcal/mol). Simulation of solvent effects using the PCM continuum model or by calculation of the solvent-solute complexes allowed us to rationalize the experimentally observed opposite conformational predominance of the conformers of compound 1 in the gas phase and in solution. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.