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In 1914 Bohr proved that there is an r ∈ (0, 1) such that if a power series converges in the unit disk and its sum has modulus less than 1 then, for |z| < r, the sum of absolute values of its terms is again less than 1. Recently analogous results were obtained for functions of several variables. The aim of this paper is to comprehend the theorem of Bohr in the context of solutions to second order elliptic equations meeting the maximum principle.

The paper is devoted to pseudodifferential boundary value problems in domains with singular points on the boundary. The tangent cone at a singular point is allowed to degenerate. In particular, the boundary may rotate and oscillate in a neighbourhood of such a point. We show a criterion for the Fredholm property of a boundary value problem and derive estimates of solutions close to singular points.

One of the fundamental challenges in anti-doping is identifying athletes who use, or are at risk of using, prohibited performance enhancing substances. The growing trend to employ a forensic approach to doping control aims to integrate information from social sciences (e.g., psychology of doping) into organised intelligence to protect clean sport. Beyond the foreseeable consequences of a positive identification as a doping user, this task is further complicated by the discrepancy between what constitutes a doping offence in the World Anti-Doping Code and operationalized in doping research. Whilst psychology plays an important role in developing our understanding of doping behaviour in order to inform intervention and prevention, its contribution to the array of doping diagnostic tools is still in its infancy. In both research and forensic settings, we must acknowledge that (1) socially desirable responding confounds self-reported psychometric test results and (2) that the cognitive complexity surrounding test performance means that the response-time based measures and the lie detector tests for revealing concealed life-events (e.g., doping use) are prone to produce false or non-interpretable outcomes in field settings. Differences in social-cognitive characteristics of doping behaviour that are tested at group level (doping users vs. non-users) cannot be extrapolated to individuals; nor these psychometric measures used for individual diagnostics. In this paper, we present a position statement calling for policy guidance on appropriate use of psychometric assessments in the pursuit of clean sport. We argue that, to date, both self-reported and response-time based psychometric tests for doping have been designed, tested and validated to explore how athletes feel and think about doping in order to develop a better understanding of doping behaviour, not to establish evidence for doping. A false 'positive' psychological profile for doping affects not only the individual 'clean' athlete but also their entourage, their organisation and sport itself. The proposed policy guidance aims to protect the global athletic community against social, ethical and legal consequences from potential misuse of psychological tests, including erroneous or incompetent applications as forensic diagnostic tools in both practice and research. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

We consider a class of ergodic Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations, related to large time asymptotics of non-smooth multiplicative functional of difusion processes. Under suitable ergodicity assumptions on the underlying difusion, we show existence of these asymptotics, and that they solve the related HJB equation in the viscosity sense.

For each compact subset K of the complex plane C which does not surround zero, the Riemann surface Sζ of the Riemann zeta function restricted to the critical half-strip 0 < Rs < 1/2 contains infinitely many schlicht copies of K lying ‘over’ K. If Sζ also contains at least one such copy, for some K which surrounds zero, then the Riemann hypothesis fails.

A function has vanishing mean oscillation (VMO) on R up(n) if its mean oscillation - the local average of its pointwise deviation from its mean value - both is uniformly bounded over all cubes within R up(n) and converges to zero with the volume of the cube. The more restrictive class of functions with vanishing lower oscillation (VLO) arises when the mean value is replaced by the minimum value in this definition. It is shown here that each VMO function is the difference of two functions in VLO.

We show a Lefschetz fixed point formula for holomorphic functions in a bounded domain D with smooth boundary in the complex plane. To introduce the Lefschetz number for a holomorphic map of D, we make use of the Bergman kernal of this domain. The Lefschetz number is proved to be the sum of usual contributions of fixed points of the map in D and contributions of boundary fixed points, these latter being different for attracting and repulsing fixed points.