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Surprisingly high, bulk liquid-like mobility of silica-confined ionic liquids

  • Mesoporous silica monoliths were prepared by the sol - gel technique and. lled with 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium [Emim]-X (X = dicyanamide [N(CN)(2)], ethyl sulfate [EtSO4], thiocyanate [SCN], and triflate [TfO]) ionic liquids (ILs) using a methanol-IL exchange technique. The structure and behavior of the ILs inside the silica monoliths were studied using X-ray scattering, nitrogen sorption, IR spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, and thermal analysis. DSC finds shifts in both the glass transition temperature and melting points (where applicable) of the ILs. Glass transition and melting occur well below room temperature. There is thus no conflict with the NMR and IR data, which show that the ILs are as mobile at room temperature as the bulk (not confined) ILs. The very narrow line widths of the NMR spectra suggest that the ILs in our materials have the highest mobility reported for confined ILs so far. As a result, our data suggest that it is possible to generate IL/silica hybrid materials (ionogels) with bulk-like properties of the IL.Mesoporous silica monoliths were prepared by the sol - gel technique and. lled with 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium [Emim]-X (X = dicyanamide [N(CN)(2)], ethyl sulfate [EtSO4], thiocyanate [SCN], and triflate [TfO]) ionic liquids (ILs) using a methanol-IL exchange technique. The structure and behavior of the ILs inside the silica monoliths were studied using X-ray scattering, nitrogen sorption, IR spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, and thermal analysis. DSC finds shifts in both the glass transition temperature and melting points (where applicable) of the ILs. Glass transition and melting occur well below room temperature. There is thus no conflict with the NMR and IR data, which show that the ILs are as mobile at room temperature as the bulk (not confined) ILs. The very narrow line widths of the NMR spectra suggest that the ILs in our materials have the highest mobility reported for confined ILs so far. As a result, our data suggest that it is possible to generate IL/silica hybrid materials (ionogels) with bulk-like properties of the IL. This could be interesting for applications in, e.g., the solar cell or membrane fields.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Ronald Goebel, Peter Hesemann, Jens Weber, Eléonore Moeller, Alwin Friedrich, Sabine Beuermann, Andreas TaubertORCiDGND
URL:http://xlink.rsc.org/jumptojournal.cfm?journal_code=CP
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/B821833a
ISSN:1463-9076
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2009
Year of Completion:2009
Release Date:2017/03/25
Source:Physical chemistry chemical physics. - ISSN 1463-9076. - 11 (2009), 19, S. 3653 - 3662
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert