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Finite-Time effects and ultraweak ergodicity breaking in superdiffusive dynamics

  • We study the ergodic properties of superdiffusive, spatiotemporally coupled Levy walk processes. For trajectories of finite duration, we reveal a distinct scatter of the scaling exponents of the time averaged mean squared displacement (delta x(2)) over bar around the ensemble value 3 - alpha (1 < alpha < 2) ranging from ballistic motion to subdiffusion, in strong contrast to the behavior of subdiffusive processes. In addition we find a significant dependence of the average of (delta x(2)) over bar over an ensemble of trajectories as a function of the finite measurement time. This so-called finite-time amplitude depression and the scatter of the scaling exponent is vital in the quantitative evaluation of superdiffusive processes. Comparing the long time average of the second moment with the ensemble mean squared displacement, these only differ by a constant factor, an ultraweak ergodicity breaking.

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Author:Aljaz Godec, Ralf MetzlerORCiDGND
ISSN:0031-9007 (print)
Parent Title (English):Physical review letters
Publisher:American Physical Society
Place of publication:College Park
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Funder:Academy of Finland; German Federal Ministry for Science and Education
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert