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On the embodiment of emotion regulation - interoceptive awareness facilitates reappraisal

  • The ability to cognitively regulate emotional responses to aversive events is essential for mental and physical health. One prerequisite of successful emotion regulation is the awareness of emotional states, which in turn is associated with the awareness of bodily signals [interoceptive awareness (IA)]. This study investigated the neural dynamics of reappraisal of emotional responses in 28 participants who differed with respect to IA. Electroencephalography was used to characterize the time course of emotion regulation. We found that reappraisal was accompanied by reduced arousal and significant modulation of late neural responses. What is more, higher IA facilitated downregulation of affect and was associated with more pronounced modulation of underlying neural activity. Therefore, we conclude that IA not only advances the consolidation of somatic markers required for guiding individual behaviour but also creates processing advantages in tasks referring to these bodily markers.

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Author:Jürgen Füstös, Klaus Gramann, Beate M. Herbert, Olga Pollatos
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in human neuroscience
Publisher:Oxford Univ. Press
Place of publication:Oxford
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:embodied cognition; emotion regulation; evoked potentials; interoception; interoceptive awareness; reappraisal
First Page:911
Last Page:917
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert