Tracking the Mind During Reading: The Influence of Past, Present, and Future Words on Fixation Durations

  • Reading requires the orchestration of visual, attentional, language-related, and oculomotor processing constraints. This study replicates previous effects of frequency, predictability, and length of fixated words on fixation durations in natural reading and demonstrates new effects of these variables related to previous and next words. Results are based on fixation durations recorded from 222 persons, each reading 144 sentences. Such evidence for distributed processing of words across fixation durations challenges psycholinguistic immediacy-of-processing and eye-mind assumptions. Most of the time the mind processes several words in parallel at different perceptual and cognitive levels. Eye movements can help to unravel these processes.

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Author:Reinhold Kliegl, Antje Nuthmann, Ralf Engbert
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 263)
Document Type:Postprint
Date of Publication (online):2011/12/13
Year of Completion:2006
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2011/12/13
Tag:eye movements; fixation duration; gaze; reading; word recognition
Source:Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. - ISSN: 0096-3445. - 135 (2003), 1, S. 12 - 35
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 40 Sprache / 400 Sprache
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:This is a preprint of an article whose final and definitive form was published in:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General2006, Vol. 135, No. 1, 12–35
DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.135.1.12
Copyright 2006 by the American Psychological Association.
This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record