Process dissociations in cognitive aging

  • One undisputed finding of cognitive aging research is that the two main clusters of intellectual abilities, fluid and crystallized abilities, exhibit differential age-related trends. Healthy older adults perform less well than young adults on almost any task that requires fast responses or taps the fluid or mechanical aspects of intelligence; they show much less of a decline, if any at all, in tasks requiring the access of their crystallized knowledge (Baltes, 1987; Horn, 1970). These age-differential trends are the prototype of what we will refer to as a process dissociation. We will show how process dissociations can be established within the domain of fluid intelligence that pass more stringent tests than is customary in experimental research on cognitive aging.

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Author:Reinhold Kliegl, Ulrich Mayr, R. T. Krampe
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 164)
Document Type:Postprint
Date of Publication (online):2010/01/05
Year of Completion:1995
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2010/01/05
Source:Aging, health, and healing / Manfred Bergener ..., ed. - New York, NY : Springer, 1995, S. 171-183, ISBN 0-8261-8620-3
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht