Sequential and coordinative complexity : age-based processing limitations in figural transformations

  • Dimensions of cognitive complexity in figural transformations were examined in the context of adult age differences. Sequential complexity was manipulated through figural transformations of single objects in a multiple-object array. Coordinative complexity was induced through spatial or nonspatial transformations of the entire array. Results confirmed the prediction that age-related slowing is larger in coordinative complexity than in sequential complexity conditions. The effect was stable across 8 sessions (Experiment 1), was obtained when age groups were equated in accuracy with criterion-referenced testing (Experiment 2), and was corroborated by age-differential probabilities of error types (Experiments 1 and 2). A model is proposed attributing age effects under coordinative complexity to 2 factors: (a) basic-level slowing and (b) time-consuming reiterations through the processing sequence due to age-related working memory failures.

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Metadaten
Author:Ulrich Mayr, Reinhold Kliegl
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-40416
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 163)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2010/01/05
Year of Completion:1993
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2010/01/05
Source:Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1993) 6, S. 1297-1320, ISSN 1939-1285, DOI 10.1037/0278-7393.19.6.1297
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
The original publication is within the university network available at web.ebscohost.com:
Journal of Experimental Psychology. - 19 (1993) Issue 6, p. 1297-1320
ISSN 1939-1285
DOI 10.1037/0278-7393.19.6.1297