Effects of cognitive training and testing on intellectual efficacy beliefs in elderly adults

  • Elderly adults (N = 116; average age = 73 years) were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups varying in the amount of training and testing on fluid intelligence tests. They were compared before and after treatment on self-efficacy and utility beliefs for intelligence tests and everyday competence. Although both ability training and extended retest practice resulted in significant gains in objective test performance (Baltes, Kliegl, & Dittmann-Kohli, 1988), only ability training resulted in positive changes in self-efficacy. However, these changes were restricted to testrelated self-efficacy. Training had no impact on perceived utility or on everyday self-efficacy beliefs. Implications of the results are discussed with regard to interventions to increase intellectual self-efficacy in elderly persons.

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Author:Freya Dittmann-Kohli, Margie E. Lachmann, Reinhold Kliegl, Paul B. Baltes
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 157)
Document Type:Postprint
Year of Completion:1991
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2010/01/05
Source:Journal of Gerontology 46 (1991) 4, S. 162-164, ISSN 0022-1422, DOI 10.1093/geronj/46.4.P162
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
The original publication is available at http://geronj.oxfordjournals.org/:
Journal of Gerontology. - 46 (1991) Issue 4, p. 162-164
ISSN 0022-1422
DOI 10.1093/geronj/46.4.P162