On the locus and process of magnification of age differences during mnemonic training

  • The focus of this study was on developmental reserve capacity in old age as revealed by testing-thelimits. We examined (a) the time course of training-related magnification of age differences in serial word recall and (b) predictability of training gains by pretest individual differences in cognitive abilities. In 20 sessions, young (n = 18) and old (n = 19) adults were taught to recall lists of 30 words using the Method of Loci. Age differences were magnified early in practice at long presentation times (20 s and 15 s per word) and later at 5 s per word. Regression of posttraining scores on various pretraining abilities revealed significant effects of digit symbol substitution. Also, consistent with the assumption of age-related decline in developmental reserve capacity, the unique variance in serial word recall associated with age group became more salient as the training unfolded.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author:Reinhold KlieglORCiDGND, Jacqui Smith, Paul B. Baltes
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-40336
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 155)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Year of Completion:1990
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2009/12/22
Source:Developmental Psychology, 26 (1990) 6, S. 894-904, ISSN 1939-0599, DOI 10.1037/0012-1649.26.6.894
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
The original publication is within the university network available at web.ebscohost.com:
Developmental Psychology. - 26 (1990) Issue 6, p. 894-904
ISSN 1939-0599
DOI 10.1037/0012-1649.26.6.894