Victim and observer characteristics as determinants of responsibility attributions to victims of rape

  • Two field studies were conducted lo investigate the influence of observer and victim characteristics on attributions of victim and assailant responsibility in a rape case. In the first study, male and female subjects completed a measure of rape myth acceptance and were presented with a rape account after which they were asked to attribute responsibility to victim and assailant. In the second study, a new sample was asked to attribute responsibility to victim and assailant on the basis of one of two rape accounts in which victim's pre-rape behavior was manipulated. Results showed that both rape myth acceptance and victims' pre-rape behavior in influenced the degree of responsibility attributed to victims and assailants. No significant effects of subject gender were found. A more complex conceptualization is suggested of the link between observer and victim characteristics in social reactions to and evaluations of rape victims.

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Author:Barbara Krahé
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 069)
Document Type:Postprint
Date of Publication (online):2009/08/12
Year of Completion:1988
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2009/08/12
Source:Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 18 (1988) 1, S. 50-88
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht