Focus asymmetries in Bura

  • (Chadic), which exhibits a number of asymmetries: Grammatical focus marking is obligatory only with focused subjects, where focus is marked by the particle án following the subject. Focused subjects remain in situ and the complement of án is a regular VP. With nonsubject foci, án appears in a cleft-structure between the fronted focus constituent and a relative clause. We present a semantically unified analysis of focus marking in Bura that treats the particle as a focusmarking copula in T that takes a property-denoting expression (the background) and an individual-denoting expression (the focus) as arguments. The article also investigates the realization of predicate and polarity focus, which are almost never marked. The upshot of the discussion is that Bura shares many characteristic traits of focus marking with other Chadic languages, but it crucially differs in exhibiting a structural difference in the marking of focus on subjects and non-subject constituents.

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Author:Katharina Hartmann, Peggy Jacob, Malte Zimmermann
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of Completion:2008
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2008/07/18
Tag:Afro-Asiatic; argument/adjunct focus; cleft; focus asymmetries; focus copula; polarity focus; predicate focus
RVK - Regensburg Classification:ER 300
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Linguistik / Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 40 Sprache / 400 Sprache
Collections:Universität Potsdam / Schriftenreihen / Interdisciplinary studies on information structure : ISIS ; working papers of the SFB 632, ISSN 1866-4725 / ISIS (2008) 10
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:erschienen in:
Interdisciplinary studies on information structure : Working papers of the SFB 632. - Potsdam : Univ.-Verl., 2008 - 92 S. (Interdisciplinary studies on information structure ; 10)
ISSN 1866-4725
URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-16929