Making things happen : reciprocal relationships between work characteristics and personal initiative in a four-wave longitudinal structural equation model

  • The authors used the frameworks of reciprocal determinism and occupational socialization to study the effects of work characteristics (consisting of control and complexity of work) on personal initiative (PI)--mediated by control orientation (a 2nd-order factor consisting of control aspiration, perceived opportunity for control, and self-efficacy) and the reciprocal effects of PI on changes in work characteristics. They applied structural equation modeling to a longitudinal study with 4 measurement waves (N = 268) in a transitional economy: East Germany. Results confirm the model plus 1 additional, nonhypothesized effect. Work characteristics had a synchronous effect on PI via control orientation (full mediation). There were also effects of control orientation and of PI on later changes in work characteristics: As predicted, PI functioned as partial mediator, changing work characteristics in the long term (reciprocal effect); unexpectedly, there was a 2nd reciprocal effect of an additional lagged partial mediation of control orientatiThe authors used the frameworks of reciprocal determinism and occupational socialization to study the effects of work characteristics (consisting of control and complexity of work) on personal initiative (PI)--mediated by control orientation (a 2nd-order factor consisting of control aspiration, perceived opportunity for control, and self-efficacy) and the reciprocal effects of PI on changes in work characteristics. They applied structural equation modeling to a longitudinal study with 4 measurement waves (N = 268) in a transitional economy: East Germany. Results confirm the model plus 1 additional, nonhypothesized effect. Work characteristics had a synchronous effect on PI via control orientation (full mediation). There were also effects of control orientation and of PI on later changes in work characteristics: As predicted, PI functioned as partial mediator, changing work characteristics in the long term (reciprocal effect); unexpectedly, there was a 2nd reciprocal effect of an additional lagged partial mediation of control orientation on later work characteristics.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Michael Frese, Harry Garst, Doris Fay
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-18278
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (paper 028)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2008/04/30
Year of Completion:2007
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2008/04/30
Tag:job characteristics; personal initiative; reciprocal relationship; selfefficacy; transition economy
Source:Journal of Applied Psychology. - 92 (2007), 4, pp. 1084–1102. - ISSN: 0021-9010
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Extern / Extern
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
This is an electronic version of an article published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. - 92 (2007), 4, pp. 1084–1102
ISSN 0021-9010

Journals of the American Psychological Association are available online at APA Journals.

This article not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.