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Romania : a geopolitical outline

  • With a surface-area of 238,391 km2 and a population of 21,584,365 (July 1, 2007), Romania is one of the relatively large states in Central Europe, coming third after Germany; as regards its neighbours, it ranks second after Ukraine. The country lies in-between two conflict foci, the former Yugoslav space and the former Soviet Union, were the Transnistrian conflict has a direct bearing on the Romanian population of the Republic of Moldova. Both conflicts have been triggered by ethnic tensions augmented by the fall of the communist regime and the assertion of national identity. Within this geostrategic context, Romania is an island of stability, with a broad political openness to the European and Euro-Atlantic structures of cooperation, its participating in potential crisis situations in terms of EU and NATO demands. Taking advantage of the country’s geographical and geostrategic position after 1918, basically at the cross-roads and interaction of the Central-European, Balkan and East-European countries (Austro-Hungary,Turkey and theWith a surface-area of 238,391 km2 and a population of 21,584,365 (July 1, 2007), Romania is one of the relatively large states in Central Europe, coming third after Germany; as regards its neighbours, it ranks second after Ukraine. The country lies in-between two conflict foci, the former Yugoslav space and the former Soviet Union, were the Transnistrian conflict has a direct bearing on the Romanian population of the Republic of Moldova. Both conflicts have been triggered by ethnic tensions augmented by the fall of the communist regime and the assertion of national identity. Within this geostrategic context, Romania is an island of stability, with a broad political openness to the European and Euro-Atlantic structures of cooperation, its participating in potential crisis situations in terms of EU and NATO demands. Taking advantage of the country’s geographical and geostrategic position after 1918, basically at the cross-roads and interaction of the Central-European, Balkan and East-European countries (Austro-Hungary,Turkey and the Slav states, and Russia and Ukraine, respectively), Romanian geopolitics would focus on the national factor, on the nation and the national state.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Radu Săgeată
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-38784
ISSN:0940-9688 (print)
Parent Title (German):Potsdamer geographische Forschungen
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2009
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2009/12/02
Issue:28
First Page:45
Last Page:58
Source:Am östlichen Rand der Europäischen Union. - Universitätsverlag, 2009. - S. 45 - 58
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Geographie
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Geoökologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Collections:Universität Potsdam / Schriftenreihen / Potsdamer Geographische Forschungen / PGF 28 (2009)
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
zugleich in Printform erschienen im Universitätsverlag Potsdam:

Am östlichen Rand der Europäischen Union : geopolitische, ethnische und nationale sowie ökonomische und soziale Probleme und ihre Folgen für die Grenzraumbevölkerung / Wilfried Heller, Mihaela Narcisa Arambasa. - Potsdam : Universitätsverlag Potsdam, 2009. - 190 S. : graph. Darst., Kt.(Potsdamer geographische Forschungen ; 28)
ISSN 0940-9688
ISBN 978-3-940793-97-3