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Cellular retinol-binding protein type I (CRBP-I) regulates adipogenesis

  • Adipogenesis is governed by a well-documented cascade of transcription factors. However, less is known about non-transcription factors that govern early stages of adipogenesis. Here we show that cellular retinol-binding protein type I (CRBP-I), a small cytosolic binding protein for retinol and retinaldehyde, is specifically restricted to preadipocytes in white adipose tissue. The absence of CRBP-I in mice (CRBP-I-KO mice) leads to increased adiposity. Despite increased adiposity, CRBP-I-KO mice remain more glucose tolerant and insulin sensitive during high-fat-diet feeding. 3T3-L1 cells deficient in CRBP-I or mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from CRBP-I-KO mice had increased adipocyte differentiation and triglyceride (TG) accumulation. This was due to increased expression and activity of PPAR gamma, while other transcription factor pathways in early and late differentiation remained unchanged. Conversely, the overexpression of CRBP-I in 3T3-L1 cells results in decreased TG accumulation. In conclusion, CRBP-I is a cytosolic proteinAdipogenesis is governed by a well-documented cascade of transcription factors. However, less is known about non-transcription factors that govern early stages of adipogenesis. Here we show that cellular retinol-binding protein type I (CRBP-I), a small cytosolic binding protein for retinol and retinaldehyde, is specifically restricted to preadipocytes in white adipose tissue. The absence of CRBP-I in mice (CRBP-I-KO mice) leads to increased adiposity. Despite increased adiposity, CRBP-I-KO mice remain more glucose tolerant and insulin sensitive during high-fat-diet feeding. 3T3-L1 cells deficient in CRBP-I or mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from CRBP-I-KO mice had increased adipocyte differentiation and triglyceride (TG) accumulation. This was due to increased expression and activity of PPAR gamma, while other transcription factor pathways in early and late differentiation remained unchanged. Conversely, the overexpression of CRBP-I in 3T3-L1 cells results in decreased TG accumulation. In conclusion, CRBP-I is a cytosolic protein specifically expressed in preadipocytes that regulates adipocyte differentiation in part by affecting PPAR gamma activity.show moreshow less

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Author:C. F. Zizola, Simone K. Frey, S. Jitngarmkusol, Bert Kadereit, N. Yan, Silke Vogel
URL:http://mcb.asm.org/
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/Mcb.00014-10
ISSN:0270-7306
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2010
Year of Completion:2010
Release Date:2017/03/25
Source:Molecular and cellular biology. - ISSN 0270-7306. - 30 (2010), 14, S. 3412 - 3420
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Ernährungswissenschaft
Peer Review:Referiert