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Search for TeV Gamma-ray emission from GRB 100621A, an extremely bright GRB in X-rays, with HESS

Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, M. Dalton, M. K. Daniel, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, H. J. Dicldnson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, Matthias Fuessling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, M-H Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Markus Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J-P Lenain, D. Lennarz, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C-C Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P-O Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Szostek, P. H. T. Tam, J-P Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H-S Zechlin

  • The long gamma-ray burst (GRB) 100621A, at the time the brightest X-ray transient ever detected by Swift-XRT in the 0.3-10 keV range, has been observed with the H.E.S.S. imaging air Cherenkov telescope array, sensitive to gamma radiation in the very-high-energy (VHE, >100 GeV) regime. Due to its relatively small redshift of z similar to 0.5, the favourable position in the southern sky and the relatively short follow-up time (<700 s after the satellite trigger) of the H.E.S.S. observations, this GRB could be within the sensitivity reach of the HESS. instrument. The analysis of the HESS. data shows no indication of emission and yields an integral flux upper limit above similar to 380 GeV of 4.2 x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1) s (95% confidence level), assuming a simple Band function extension model. A comparison to a spectral-temporal model, normalised to the prompt flux at sub-MeV energies, constraints the existence of a temporally extended and strong additional hard power law, as has been observed in the other bright X-ray GRB 130427A. AThe long gamma-ray burst (GRB) 100621A, at the time the brightest X-ray transient ever detected by Swift-XRT in the 0.3-10 keV range, has been observed with the H.E.S.S. imaging air Cherenkov telescope array, sensitive to gamma radiation in the very-high-energy (VHE, >100 GeV) regime. Due to its relatively small redshift of z similar to 0.5, the favourable position in the southern sky and the relatively short follow-up time (<700 s after the satellite trigger) of the H.E.S.S. observations, this GRB could be within the sensitivity reach of the HESS. instrument. The analysis of the HESS. data shows no indication of emission and yields an integral flux upper limit above similar to 380 GeV of 4.2 x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1) s (95% confidence level), assuming a simple Band function extension model. A comparison to a spectral-temporal model, normalised to the prompt flux at sub-MeV energies, constraints the existence of a temporally extended and strong additional hard power law, as has been observed in the other bright X-ray GRB 130427A. A comparison between the HESS. upper limit and the contemporaneous energy output in X-rays constrains the ratio between the X-ray and VHE gamma-ray fluxes to be greater than 0.4. This value is an important quantity for modelling the afterglow and can constrain leptonic emission scenarios, where leptons are responsible for the X-ray emission and might produce VHE gamma rays.show moreshow less

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Author:Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, M. Dalton, M. K. Daniel, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, H. J. Dicldnson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, Matthias Fuessling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, M-H Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Markus Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J-P Lenain, D. Lennarz, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C-C Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P-O Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Szostek, P. H. T. Tam, J-P Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H-S Zechlin
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322984
ISSN:0004-6361 (print)
ISSN:1432-0746 (online)
Parent Title (English):Astronomy and astrophysics : an international weekly journal
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Place of publication:Les Ulis
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2014
Year of Completion:2014
Creating Corporation:HESS Collaboration
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:X-rays: stars; gamma rays: general; gamma rays: stars; gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 100621A
Volume:565
Pagenumber:6
Funder:German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF); Max Planck Society; German Research Foundation (DFG); French Ministry for Research; CNRS-IN2P3; Astroparticle Interdisciplinary Programme of the CNRS; UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STEC); IPNP of the Charles University; Czech Science Foundation; Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; South African Department of Science and Technology; National Research Foundation; University of Namibia
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert