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HESS reveals a lack of TeV emission from the supernova remnant Puppis A (Research Note)

Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, M. Backes, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, D. Berge, S. Bernhard, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Bregeon, F. Brun, P. Brun, M. Bryan, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, P. M. Chadwick, N. Chakraborty, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, Y. Cui, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, A. Donath, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, Kathrin Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, Matthias Füssling, S. Gabici, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Gottschall, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, D. Hadasch, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Maraike Holler, D. Horns, A. Ivascenko, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung-Richardt, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, V. Lefranc, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C. -C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, Michael Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, P. J. Meintjes, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, A. M. W. Mitchell, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, K. Mora, E. Moulin, T. Murach, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, H. Odaka, S. Ohm, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, P. -O Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, I. Reichardt, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. Salek, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, J. -P. Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, J. Veh, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, J. Vink, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, T. Vuillaume, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, R. Yang, V. Zabalza, D. Zaborov, M. Zacharias, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. -S. Zechlin

  • Context. Puppis A is an interesting similar to 4 kyr-old supernova remnant (SNR) that shows strong evidence of interaction between the forward shock and a molecular cloud. It has been studied in detail from radio frequencies to high-energy (HE, 0.1-100 GeV) gamma-rays. An analysis of the Fermi-LAT data has shown extended HE gamma-ray emission with a 0.2-100 GeV spectrum exhibiting no significant deviation from a power law, unlike most of the GeV-emitting SNRs known to be interacting with molecular clouds. This makes it a promising target for imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) to probe the gamma-ray emission above 100 GeV. Aims. Very-high-energy (VHE, E >= 0.1 TeV) gamma-ray emission from Puppis A has been, for the first time, searched for with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS.). Methods. Stereoscopic imaging of Cherenkov radiation from extensive air showers is used to reconstruct the direction and energy of the incident gamma-rays in order to produce sky images and source spectra. The profile likelihood methodContext. Puppis A is an interesting similar to 4 kyr-old supernova remnant (SNR) that shows strong evidence of interaction between the forward shock and a molecular cloud. It has been studied in detail from radio frequencies to high-energy (HE, 0.1-100 GeV) gamma-rays. An analysis of the Fermi-LAT data has shown extended HE gamma-ray emission with a 0.2-100 GeV spectrum exhibiting no significant deviation from a power law, unlike most of the GeV-emitting SNRs known to be interacting with molecular clouds. This makes it a promising target for imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) to probe the gamma-ray emission above 100 GeV. Aims. Very-high-energy (VHE, E >= 0.1 TeV) gamma-ray emission from Puppis A has been, for the first time, searched for with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS.). Methods. Stereoscopic imaging of Cherenkov radiation from extensive air showers is used to reconstruct the direction and energy of the incident gamma-rays in order to produce sky images and source spectra. The profile likelihood method is applied to find constraints on the existence of a potential break or cutoff in the photon spectrum. Results. The analysis of the HESS. data does not reveal any significant emission towards Puppis A. The derived upper limits on the differential photon flux imply that its broadband gamma-ray spectrum must exhibit a spectral break or cutoff. By combining Fermi-LAT and HESS. measurements, the 99% confidence-level upper limits on such a cutoff are found to be 450 and 280 GeV, assuming a power law with a simple exponential and a sub-exponential cutoff, respectively. It is concluded that none of the standard limitations (age, size, radiative losses) on the particle acceleration mechanism, assumed to be continuing at present, can explain the lack of VHE signal. The scenario in which particle acceleration has ceased some time ago is considered as an alternative explanation. The HE/VHE spectrum of Puppis A could then exhibit a break of non-radiative origin (as observed in several other interacting SNRs, albeit at somewhat higher energies), owing to the interaction with dense and neutral material, in particular towards the NE region.show moreshow less

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Author:Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, M. Backes, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, D. Berge, S. Bernhard, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Bregeon, F. Brun, P. Brun, M. Bryan, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, P. M. Chadwick, N. Chakraborty, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, Y. Cui, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, A. Donath, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, Kathrin Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, Matthias Füssling, S. Gabici, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Gottschall, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, D. Hadasch, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Maraike Holler, D. Horns, A. Ivascenko, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung-Richardt, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, V. Lefranc, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C. -C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, Michael Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, P. J. Meintjes, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, A. M. W. Mitchell, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, K. Mora, E. Moulin, T. Murach, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, H. Odaka, S. Ohm, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, P. -O Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, I. Reichardt, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. Salek, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, J. -P. Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, J. Veh, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, J. Vink, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, T. Vuillaume, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, R. Yang, V. Zabalza, D. Zaborov, M. Zacharias, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. -S. Zechlin
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/2014424805
ISSN:0004-6361 (print)
ISSN:1432-0746 (online)
Parent Title (English):Astronomy and astrophysics : an international weekly journal
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Place of publication:Les Ulis
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Creating Corporation:HESS Collaboration
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:ISM: individual objects: Puppis A; acceleration of particles; cosmic rays; gamma rays: ISM; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
Volume:575
Pagenumber:6
Funder:German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF); Max Planck Society; German Research Foundation (DFG); French Ministry for Research; CNRS-IN2P3; Astroparticle Interdisciplinary Programme of the CNRS; UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); IPNP of the Charles University; Czech Science Foundation; Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; South African Department of Science and Technology; National Research Foundation; University of Namibia
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert