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Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MRGO J2019+37 wih veritas

  • We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (similar to 2 degrees) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 +/- 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (similar to 1 degrees) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 +/- 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possibleWe present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (similar to 2 degrees) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 +/- 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (similar to 1 degrees) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 +/- 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.show moreshow less

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Author:E. Aliu, T. Aune, B. Behera, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, K. Berger, R. Bird, A. Bouvier, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, M. Cerruti, Xuhui Chen, L. Ciupik, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, J. Dumm, V. V. Dwarkadas, M. Errando, A. Falcone, Simone FedericiGND, Q. Feng, J. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, N. Galante, G. H. Gillanders, E. V. Gotthelf, S. Griffin, S. T. Griffiths, J. Grube, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, C. A. Johnson, P. Kaaret, O. Kargaltsev, M. Kertzman, Y. Khassen, D. Kieda, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, A. S. Madhavan, G. Maier, S. McArthur, A. McCann, J. Millis, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, D. Nieto, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, D. Pandel, N. Park, Martin PohlORCiDGND, A. Popkow, H. Prokoph, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, J. Rajotte, L. C. Reyes, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, M. Roberts, G. H. Sembroski, K. Shahinyan, A. W. Smith, D. Staszak, Igor Telezhinsky, J. V. Tucci, J. Tyler, S. Vincent, S. P. Wakely, A. Weinstein, R. Welsing, Alina Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/1/78
ISSN:0004-637X (print)
ISSN:1538-4357 (online)
Parent Title (English):The astrophysical journal : an international review of spectroscopy and astronomical physics
Publisher:IOP Publ. Ltd.
Place of publication:Bristol
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2014
Year of Completion:2014
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:gamma rays : stars; pulsars : individual (PSR J2021+3651); supernovae : individual (CTB 87)
Volume:788
Issue:1
Pagenumber:10
Funder:U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; U.S. National Science Foundation; Smithsonian Institution; NSERC in Canada; Science Foundation Ireland [SFI 10/RFP/AST2748]; STFC in the U. K; ESA Member States and NASA; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert