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Long term observations of B2 1215+30 with veritas

  • We report on VERITAS observations of the BL Lac object B2 1215+30 between 2008 and 2012. During this period, the source was detected at very high energies (VHEs; E > 100 GeV) by VERITAS with a significance of 8.9s and showed clear variability on timescales larger than months. In 2011, the source was found to be in a relatively bright state and a power-law fit to the differential photon spectrum yields a spectral index of 3.6 +/- 0.4(stat) +/- 0.3(syst) with an integral flux above 200 GeV of (8.0 +/- 0.9(stat) +/- 3.2(syst)) x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1). No short term variability could be detected during the bright state in 2011. Multi-wavelength data were obtained contemporaneously with the VERITAS observations in 2011 and cover optical (Super-LOTIS, MDM, Swift/UVOT), X-ray (Swift/XRT), and gamma-ray (Fermi-LAT) frequencies. These were used to construct the spectral energy distribution (SED) of B2 1215+30. A one-zone leptonic model is used to model the blazar emission and the results are compared to those of MAGIC from early 2011 and otherWe report on VERITAS observations of the BL Lac object B2 1215+30 between 2008 and 2012. During this period, the source was detected at very high energies (VHEs; E > 100 GeV) by VERITAS with a significance of 8.9s and showed clear variability on timescales larger than months. In 2011, the source was found to be in a relatively bright state and a power-law fit to the differential photon spectrum yields a spectral index of 3.6 +/- 0.4(stat) +/- 0.3(syst) with an integral flux above 200 GeV of (8.0 +/- 0.9(stat) +/- 3.2(syst)) x 10(-12) cm(-2) s(-1). No short term variability could be detected during the bright state in 2011. Multi-wavelength data were obtained contemporaneously with the VERITAS observations in 2011 and cover optical (Super-LOTIS, MDM, Swift/UVOT), X-ray (Swift/XRT), and gamma-ray (Fermi-LAT) frequencies. These were used to construct the spectral energy distribution (SED) of B2 1215+30. A one-zone leptonic model is used to model the blazar emission and the results are compared to those of MAGIC from early 2011 and other VERITAS-detected blazars. The SED can be reproduced well with model parameters typical for VHE-detected BL Lac objects.‚Ķshow moreshow less

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Author:E. Aliu, S. Archambault, T. Arlen, T. Aune, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, R. Bird, A. Bouvier, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, A. Cesarini, L. Ciupik, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, J. Dumm, M. Errando, A. Falcone, Simone FedericiGND, Q. Feng, J. P. Finley, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, N. Galante, L. Gerard, G. H. Gillanders, S. Griffin, J. Grube, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, P. Kaaret, M. Kertzman, Y. Khassen, D. Kieda, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, A. S. Madhavan, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, S. McArthur, A. McCann, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, D. Nieto, A. O'Faolain De Bhroithe, R. A. Ong, M. Orr, A. N. Otte, N. Park, J. S. Perkins, Martin PohlORCiDGND, A. Popkow, H. Prokoph, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, L. C. Reyes, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, D. B. Saxon, G. H. Sembroski, C. Skole, A. W. Smith, M. Soares-Furtado, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, G. Tesic, M. Theiling, A. Varlotta, V. V. Vassiliev, S. Vincent, S. P. Wakely, T. C. Weekes, A. Weinstein, R. Welsing, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer, M. Bottcher, M. Fumagalli, J. Jadhav
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/92
ISSN:0004-637X (print)
ISSN:1538-4357 (online)
Parent Title (English):The astrophysical journal : an international review of spectroscopy and astronomical physics
Publisher:IOP Publ. Ltd.
Place of publication:Bristol
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Creating Corporation:VERITAS Collaboration
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:BL Lacertae objects: general; BL Lacertae objects: individual (B2 1215+30, VER J1217+301)
Volume:779
Issue:2
Pagenumber:9
Funder:U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; U.S. National Science Foundation; Smithsonian Institution; NSERC in Canada; Science Foundation Ireland [SFI 10/RFP/AST2748]; STFC in the U.K.; NASA Swift Guest Investigator program [NNX12AJ12G]; Helmholtz Association; South African Research Chairs Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology; National Research Foundation of South Africa; NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant [HF-51305.01-A]; Space Telescope Science Institute; NASA [NAS 5-26555]