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The effect of dispersion on the increased relative permittivity of TiO2/SEBS composites

  • Polymer composites are currently suggested for use as improved dielectric materials in many applications. Here, the effect of particle size and dispersion on the electrical properties of composites of rutile TiO2 and poly(styrene- ethylene-butadiene-styrene) (SEBS) are investigated. Both 15 and 300 nm particles are mixed with SEBS, with amounts of sorbitan monopalmitate surfactant from 0 to 3.3 vol%, and their dielectric and mechanical properties are measured. Composites with the 300 nm TiO2 particles result in increases of 170% in relative permittivity over the pure polymer, far above those predicted by standard theories, such as Bruggeman (140%) and Yamada (114%), and improving dispersion with surfactant has little effect. The composites with 15 nm particles showed surprisingly large relative permittivity increases (350%), but improving the dispersion by the addition of any surfactant causes the relative permittivity to decrease to 240% of the pure polymer value. We suggest that the increase is due to the formation of a highlyPolymer composites are currently suggested for use as improved dielectric materials in many applications. Here, the effect of particle size and dispersion on the electrical properties of composites of rutile TiO2 and poly(styrene- ethylene-butadiene-styrene) (SEBS) are investigated. Both 15 and 300 nm particles are mixed with SEBS, with amounts of sorbitan monopalmitate surfactant from 0 to 3.3 vol%, and their dielectric and mechanical properties are measured. Composites with the 300 nm TiO2 particles result in increases of 170% in relative permittivity over the pure polymer, far above those predicted by standard theories, such as Bruggeman (140%) and Yamada (114%), and improving dispersion with surfactant has little effect. The composites with 15 nm particles showed surprisingly large relative permittivity increases (350%), but improving the dispersion by the addition of any surfactant causes the relative permittivity to decrease to 240% of the pure polymer value. We suggest that the increase is due to the formation of a highly conductive layer in the polymer around the TiO2 particles.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Denis N. Mc Carthy, Stefan Risse, Phisan Katekomol, Guggi Kofod
URL:http://iopscience.iop.org/0022-3727/
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/42/14/145406
ISSN:0022-3727
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2009
Year of Completion:2009
Release Date:2017/03/25
Source:Journal of physics D. - ISSN 0022-3727. - 42 (2009), 14, Art. 145406
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert