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Search for extended gamma-ray emission around AGN with HESS and Fermi-LAT

Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, M. Backes, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, Y. Cui, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, M. Fussling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, M. Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C. -C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, P. J. Meintjes, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, H. Odaka, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P. -O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, I. Reichardt, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, J. -P. Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, T. Vuillaume, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, R. Yang, V. Zabalza, M. Zacharias, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. -S. Zechlin, D. Malyshev

  • Context. Very-high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission from blazars inevitably gives rise to electron-positron pair production through the interaction of these gamma-rays with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Depending on the magnetic fields in the proximity of the source, the cascade initiated from pair production can result in either an isotropic halo around an initially- beamed source or a magnetically- broadened cascade :aux. Aims. Both extended pair-halo (PH) and magnetically broadened cascade (MBC) emission from regions surrounding the blazars 1ES 1101-232, IRS 0229+200, and PKS 2155-304 were searched for using VHE y-ray data taken with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS.) and high-energy (HE; 100 MeV < E < 100 GeV) gamma-ray data with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Methods. By comparing the angular distributions of the reconstructed gamma-ray events to the angular profiles calculated from detailed theoretical models, the presence of PH and MBC was investigated. Results. Upper limits on theContext. Very-high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission from blazars inevitably gives rise to electron-positron pair production through the interaction of these gamma-rays with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Depending on the magnetic fields in the proximity of the source, the cascade initiated from pair production can result in either an isotropic halo around an initially- beamed source or a magnetically- broadened cascade :aux. Aims. Both extended pair-halo (PH) and magnetically broadened cascade (MBC) emission from regions surrounding the blazars 1ES 1101-232, IRS 0229+200, and PKS 2155-304 were searched for using VHE y-ray data taken with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS.) and high-energy (HE; 100 MeV < E < 100 GeV) gamma-ray data with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Methods. By comparing the angular distributions of the reconstructed gamma-ray events to the angular profiles calculated from detailed theoretical models, the presence of PH and MBC was investigated. Results. Upper limits on the extended emission around lES 1101-232, lES 0229+200, and PKS 2155-304 are found to be at a level of a few per cent of the Crab nebula flux above 1 TeV, depending on the assumed photon index of the cascade emission. Assuming strong extra-Galactic magnetic field (EGME) values, >10(-12) G, this limits the production of pair haloes developing from electromagnetic cascades. For weaker magnetic fields, in which electromagnetic cascades would result in MBCs. EGMF strengths in the range (0.3-3) x 10(-15) G were excluded for PKS 2155-304 at the 99% confidence level, under the assumption of a 1 Mpc coherence length.show moreshow less

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Author:Attila Abramowski, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, M. Backes, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Boettcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, Y. Cui, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, M. Fussling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, M. Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C. -C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, J. Mehault, P. J. Meintjes, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, H. Odaka, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P. -O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, I. Reichardt, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spies, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, J. -P. Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, T. Vuillaume, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, R. Yang, V. Zabalza, M. Zacharias, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. -S. Zechlin, D. Malyshev
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322510
ISSN:0004-6361 (print)
ISSN:1432-0746 (online)
Parent Title (English):Astronomy and astrophysics : an international weekly journal
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Place of publication:Les Ulis
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2014
Year of Completion:2014
Creating Corporation:HESS Collaboration
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 2155-304; BL Lacertae objects: individual: lES 0229+200; BL Lacertae objects: individual: lES 1101-232; galaxies: magnetic fields; gamma rays: galaxies; intergalactic medium
Volume:562
Pagenumber:10
Funder:German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF); Max Planck Society; German Research Foundation (DFG); French Ministry for Research; CNRS-IN2P3; Astroparticle Interdisciplinary Programme of the CNRS; UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); IPNP of the Charles University; Czech Science Foundation; Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; South African Department of Science and Technology; National Research Foundation; University of Namibia
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert