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Neotethys closure history of Anatolia - insights from Ar-40-Ar-39 geochronology and P-T estimation in high-pressure metasedimentary rocks

  • The multiple high-pressure (HP), low-temperature (LT) metamorphic units of Western and Central Anatolia offer a great opportunity to investigate the subduction-and continental accretion-related evolution of the eastern limb of the long-lived Aegean subduction system. Recent reports of the HP-LT index mineral Fe-Mg-carpholite in three metasedimentary units of the Gondwana-derived Anatolide-Tauride continental block (namely the Afyon Zone, the Oren Unit and the southern Menderes Massif) suggest a more complicated scenario than the single-continental accretion model generally put forward in previous studies. This study presents the first isotopic dates (white mica Ar-40-Ar-39 geochronology), and where possible are combined with P-T estimates (chlorite thermometry, phengite barometry, multi-equilibrium thermobarometry), on carpholite-bearing rocks from these three HP-LT metasedimentary units. It is shown that, in the Afyon Zone, carpholite-bearing assemblages were retrogressed through greenschist-facies conditions at c. 67-62 Ma. EarlyThe multiple high-pressure (HP), low-temperature (LT) metamorphic units of Western and Central Anatolia offer a great opportunity to investigate the subduction-and continental accretion-related evolution of the eastern limb of the long-lived Aegean subduction system. Recent reports of the HP-LT index mineral Fe-Mg-carpholite in three metasedimentary units of the Gondwana-derived Anatolide-Tauride continental block (namely the Afyon Zone, the Oren Unit and the southern Menderes Massif) suggest a more complicated scenario than the single-continental accretion model generally put forward in previous studies. This study presents the first isotopic dates (white mica Ar-40-Ar-39 geochronology), and where possible are combined with P-T estimates (chlorite thermometry, phengite barometry, multi-equilibrium thermobarometry), on carpholite-bearing rocks from these three HP-LT metasedimentary units. It is shown that, in the Afyon Zone, carpholite-bearing assemblages were retrogressed through greenschist-facies conditions at c. 67-62 Ma. Early retrograde stages in the Oren Unit are dated to 63-59 Ma. In the Kurudere-Nebiler Unit (HP Mesozoic cover of the southern Menderes Massif), HP retrograde stages are dated to c. 45 Ma, and post-collisional cooling to c. 26 Ma. These new results support that the Oren Unit represents the westernmost continuation of the Afyon Zone, whereas the Kurudere-Nebiler Unit correlates with the Cycladic Blueschist Unit of the Aegean Domain. In Western Anatolia, three successive HP-LT metamorphic belts thus formed: the northernmost Tavsanli Zone (c. 88-82 Ma), the Oren-Afyon Zone (between 70 and 65 Ma), and the Kurudere-Nebiler Unit (c. 52-45 Ma). The southward younging trend of the HP-LT metamorphism from the upper and internal to the deeper and more external structural units, as in the Aegean Domain, points to the persistence of subduction in Western Anatolia between 93-90 and c. 35 Ma. After the accretion of the Menderes-Tauride terrane, in Eocene times, subduction stopped, leading to continental collision and associated Barrovian-type metamorphism. Because, by contrast, the Aegean subduction did remain active due to slab roll-back and trench migration, the eastern limb (below Southwestern Anatolia) of the Hellenic slab was dramatically curved and consequently teared. It therefore is suggested that the possibility for subduction to continue after the accretion of buoyant (e.g. continental) terranes probably depends much on palaeogeography.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Amaury Pourteau, Masafumi Sudo, Osman Candan, P. Lanari, O. Vidal, Roland OberhänsliGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jmg.12034
ISSN:0263-4929 (print)
ISSN:1525-1314 (online)
Parent Title (English):Journal of metamorphic geology
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication:Hoboken
Document Type:Review
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:Anatolia; Ar-40-Ar-39 geochronology; chlorite-phengite thermobarometry; high-pressure metasedimentary rocks
Volume:31
Issue:6
Pagenumber:22
First Page:585
Last Page:606
Funder:Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [OB80/34]
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Erd- und Umweltwissenschaften
Peer Review:Referiert