## DFT study of the substituent cross-interaction effects on the conformation of substituted N-benzylideneanilines : Models of liquid crystal forming compounds ; use of C-13 Nmr chemcal shift of the C=N carbon as a tool to predict the conformation of the molecule

- The conformations of N-benzylideneani lines p-X-C6H4-CH=N-C6H4 p-Y (X, Y = NO2, CN, CF3, F, Cl, Br, H, Me, OMe, NMe2) have been studied by B3LYP density functional (DFT) hybrid method in combination with the 6-31G* or 6-311G* split valence basis set. The twist of the plane of the aniline ring with respect to the other part of the molecule (tau(2)) is systematically controlled by substituents X and Y, the effect of Y being larger. The value of the dihedral angle tau(2), correlates nicely with equation tau(2) = rho(F)(Y)(x)sigma(F)(Y)+rho(+R)(Y)(x)sigma(+)(R)(Y) + k(x) or tau(2) = rho(F)(X)(y)sigma(F)(X)+rho(-)(R)(X)(y)sigma(+)(R)(X) + k(y), respectively, when aniline or benzylidene substituent is varied. ED substituents X diminish the sensitivity of tau(2) to the aniline substituent Y[rho(F)(Y)(x) and rho(+)(R)(Y)(x)] while ED substituents Y increase the sensitivity Of T2 to the benzylidene substituent X[rho(F)(X)(y) and rho(+)(R)(X)(y)]. There seems to be two competitive conjugative interactions for the aniline ring n electrons: oneThe conformations of N-benzylideneani lines p-X-C6H4-CH=N-C6H4 p-Y (X, Y = NO2, CN, CF3, F, Cl, Br, H, Me, OMe, NMe2) have been studied by B3LYP density functional (DFT) hybrid method in combination with the 6-31G* or 6-311G* split valence basis set. The twist of the plane of the aniline ring with respect to the other part of the molecule (tau(2)) is systematically controlled by substituents X and Y, the effect of Y being larger. The value of the dihedral angle tau(2), correlates nicely with equation tau(2) = rho(F)(Y)(x)sigma(F)(Y)+rho(+R)(Y)(x)sigma(+)(R)(Y) + k(x) or tau(2) = rho(F)(X)(y)sigma(F)(X)+rho(-)(R)(X)(y)sigma(+)(R)(X) + k(y), respectively, when aniline or benzylidene substituent is varied. ED substituents X diminish the sensitivity of tau(2) to the aniline substituent Y[rho(F)(Y)(x) and rho(+)(R)(Y)(x)] while ED substituents Y increase the sensitivity Of T2 to the benzylidene substituent X[rho(F)(X)(y) and rho(+)(R)(X)(y)]. There seems to be two competitive conjugative interactions for the aniline ring n electrons: one with the nitrogen lone pair and one with the C=N unit. Substituents X and Y adjust the extent of these interactions and therefore the conformation of the molecule. A good correlation is observed between the dihedral angle tau(2) and the experimental C-13 NMR chemical shift of the C=N carbon of N-benzylideneanilines in CDCl3 (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.…

Author: | Helmi Neuvonen, Kari Neuvonen, Andreas Koch, Erich Kleinpeter |
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DOI: | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theochem.2007.03.023 |

Document Type: | Article |

Language: | English |

Year of first Publication: | 2007 |

Year of Completion: | 2007 |

Release Date: | 2017/03/24 |

Source: | Journal of molecular structure-theochem. - 815 (2007), 1-3, S. 95 - 104 |

Organizational units: | Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie |

Peer Review: | Referiert |