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Management and outcomes of patients with reduced ejection fraction after acute myocardial infarction in cardiac rehabilitation centers

  • Background: We aimed to describe the contemporary management of patients with systolic chronic heart failure (CHF) during a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) stay and present outcomes with focus on lipids, blood pressure, exercise capacity, and clinical events. Methods: Comparison of 3199 patients with moderately or severely impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (low EF, 13.3%) and 20,913 patients with slightly reduced or normal LVEF (normal EF, 86.7%) who underwent an inpatient CR period of about 3 weeks in 2009-2010. Results: Patients with low EF compared to those with normal EF were somewhat older (65.1 vs. 63.0 years, p<0.0001), and more often had risk factors such as diabetes mellitus (39.7% vs. 32.0%, p<0.0001) or other comorbidities. The overall rate of patients with regular physical activity of at least 90 minutes per week prior to CR was low overall (54.4%), and reduced in patients with low EF compared to those with normal EF (47.7% vs. 55.5%, p<0.0001). The rate of patients that achieved lower LDL cholesterol (5100Background: We aimed to describe the contemporary management of patients with systolic chronic heart failure (CHF) during a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) stay and present outcomes with focus on lipids, blood pressure, exercise capacity, and clinical events. Methods: Comparison of 3199 patients with moderately or severely impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (low EF, 13.3%) and 20,913 patients with slightly reduced or normal LVEF (normal EF, 86.7%) who underwent an inpatient CR period of about 3 weeks in 2009-2010. Results: Patients with low EF compared to those with normal EF were somewhat older (65.1 vs. 63.0 years, p<0.0001), and more often had risk factors such as diabetes mellitus (39.7% vs. 32.0%, p<0.0001) or other comorbidities. The overall rate of patients with regular physical activity of at least 90 minutes per week prior to CR was low overall (54.4%), and reduced in patients with low EF compared to those with normal EF (47.7% vs. 55.5%, p<0.0001). The rate of patients that achieved lower LDL cholesterol (5100 mg/dl), total cholesterol (<200 mg/dl) and triglyceride (<150 mg/dl) values at discharge increased compared to baseline. Mean blood pressure was substantially lower in the low EF group compared to the normal EF group both at baseline (124/75 vs. 130/78 mmHg, p<0.0001) and at discharge (119/72 vs. 124/74 mmHg, p<0.0001). Maximum exercise improved substantially in both groups (at baseline 71 vs. 91 Watts, p<0.0001; at discharge 85 vs. 105 Watts, p<0.0001). Event rates during CR were low, and only 0.3% in the low EF group died. As limitations to this study, information on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) and/or cardiac troponin were not documented, and no long-term information was collected beyond the 3-week CR stay. Conclusions: Patients with CHF account for a considerable proportion of patients in CR. Also patients with moderate/severe EF benefited from participation in CR, as their lipid profile and physical fitness improved.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Rona Katharina ReibisORCiDGND, Christina Jannowitz, Martin Halle, David Pittrow, Anselm Gitt, Heinz VöllerORCiDGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2014.977854
ISSN:0300-7995 (print)
ISSN:1473-4877 (online)
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=25325219
Parent Title (English):Current medical research and opinion
Publisher:Taylor & Francis Group
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:Acute myocardial infarction; Cardiac rehabilitation Chronic heart failure; Control rates; Dyslipidemia; Lipid profile; Observational; Risk factor
Volume:31
Issue:2
Pagenumber:9
First Page:211
Last Page:219
Funder:Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) GmbH, Munich-Haar, Germany
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Sportwissenschaft
Peer Review:Referiert