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Management of patients with ST- segment elevation or non- ST- segment elevation acute coronary syndromes in cardiac rehabilitation centers

  • BackgroundCurrent data on the management of patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after an acute hospital stay due to ST-segment elevation or non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (STE-ACS or NSTE-ACS) are limited. We aimed to describe patient characteristics, risk factor management, and lipid target achievement of patients in CR in Germany and compare the 2 groups. HypothesisWith respect to the risk factor pattern and treatment effects during a CR stay, there are important differences between STE-ACS and NSTE-ACS patients. MethodsComparison of 7950 patients by STE-ACS or NSTE-ACS status in the Transparency Registry to Objectify Guideline-Oriented Risk Factor Management registry (2010) who underwent an inpatient CR period of about 3 weeks. ResultsSTE-ACS patients compared to NSTE-ACS patients were significantly younger (60.5 vs 64.4 years, P < 0.0001), and had diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or any risk factor (exception: smoking) less often. At discharge, in STE-ACS compared to NSTE-ACS patients, the low-densityBackgroundCurrent data on the management of patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after an acute hospital stay due to ST-segment elevation or non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (STE-ACS or NSTE-ACS) are limited. We aimed to describe patient characteristics, risk factor management, and lipid target achievement of patients in CR in Germany and compare the 2 groups. HypothesisWith respect to the risk factor pattern and treatment effects during a CR stay, there are important differences between STE-ACS and NSTE-ACS patients. MethodsComparison of 7950 patients by STE-ACS or NSTE-ACS status in the Transparency Registry to Objectify Guideline-Oriented Risk Factor Management registry (2010) who underwent an inpatient CR period of about 3 weeks. ResultsSTE-ACS patients compared to NSTE-ACS patients were significantly younger (60.5 vs 64.4 years, P < 0.0001), and had diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or any risk factor (exception: smoking) less often. At discharge, in STE-ACS compared to NSTE-ACS patients, the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL goal was achieved by 75.3% and 76.2%, respectively (LDL-C <70 mg/dL by 27.7% and 27.4%), the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal of >50 mg/dL in women and >40 mg/dL in men was achieved by 49.3% and 49.0%, respectively, and the triglycerides goal of <150 mg/dl was achievedby 72.3% and 74.3%, respectively (all comparisons not significant). Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 121/74 and 123/74 mm Hg, respectively (P < 0.0001 systolic, diastolic not significant). The maximum exercise capacity was 110 and 102 W, respectively (P < 0.0001), and the maximum walking distance was 581 and 451 meters, respectively (P value not significant). ConclusionsPatients with STE-ACS and NSTE-ACS differed moderately in their baseline characteristics. Both groups benefited from the participation in CR, as their lipid profile, blood pressure, and physical fitness improved.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Rona Katharina ReibisORCiDGND, Heinz Voeller, Anselm Gitt, Christina Jannowitz, Martin Halle, David Pittrow, Steven Hildemann
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.22241
ISSN:0160-9289 (print)
ISSN:1932-8737 (online)
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=24847509
Parent Title (English):Clinical cardiology : international journal for cardiovascular diseases
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication:Hoboken
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2014
Year of Completion:2014
Release Date:2017/03/27
Volume:37
Issue:4
Pagenumber:9
First Page:213
Last Page:221
Funder:MSD Sharp Dohme GmbH; Munich-Haar, Germany
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Sportmedizin und Prävention
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert