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Out-of-focus encoding in Gur and Kwa

  • This paper investigates the structural properties of morphosyntactically marked focus constructions, focussing on the often neglected non-focal sentence part in African tone languages. Based on new empirical evidence from five Gur and Kwa languages, we claim that these focus expressions have to be analysed as biclausal constructions even though they do not represent clefts containing restrictive relative clauses. First, we relativize the partly overgeneralized assumptions about structural correspondences between the out-of-focus part and relative clauses, and second, we show that our data do in fact support the hypothesis of a clause coordinating pattern as present in clause sequences in narration. It is argued that we deal with a non-accidental, systematic feature and that grammaticalization may conceal such basic narrative structures.

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Author:Ines Fiedler, Anne Schwarz
Parent Title (German):Interdisciplinary studies on information structure : ISIS ; working papers of the SFB 632
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2005
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Contributing Corporation:Sonderforschungsbereich 632 Informationsstruktur <Berlin>
Release Date:2006/09/14
Tag:conjunction; ex-situ focus; focus marker; grammaticalization; relative clause
First Page:111
Last Page:142
Source:Interdisciplinary studies on information structure : ISIS ; working papers of the SFB 632. - Vol. 3
RVK - Regensburg Classification:ER 300
Organizational units:Extern / Extern
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 40 Sprache / 400 Sprache
Collections:Universität Potsdam / Schriftenreihen / Interdisciplinary studies on information structure : ISIS ; working papers of the SFB 632, ISSN 1866-4725 / ISIS (2005) 03
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:erschienen in:
Approaches and findings in oral, written and gestural language. - Potsdam : Univ.-Verl., 2005. - 244 S.
(Interdisciplinary studies on information structure ; 3)
ISBN 3-937786-01-5
URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-8255

zugleich in Printform erschienen im Universitätsverlag Potsdam.