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Constraints on axionlike particles with HESS from the irregularity of the PKS 2155-304 energy spectrum

Attila Abramowski, F. Acero, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, M. Dalton, M. K. Daniel, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, H. J. Dickinson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, L. O'C. Drury, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, M. Fuessling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, H. Gast, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Goering, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. D. Hague, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Markus Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J-P. Lenain, D. Lennarz, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C-C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, M. C. Medina, J. Mehault, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, D. Nedbal, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P-O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spiess, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Szostek, J-P. Tavernet, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H-S. Zechlin

  • Axionlike particles (ALPs) are hypothetical light (sub-eV) bosons predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics. In astrophysical environments comprising high-energy gamma rays and turbulent magnetic fields, the existence of ALPs can modify the energy spectrum of the gamma rays for a sufficiently large coupling between ALPs and photons. This modification would take the form of an irregular behavior of the energy spectrum in a limited energy range. Data from the H. E. S. S. observations of the distant BL Lac object PKS 2155 - 304 (z = 0.116) are used to derive upper limits at the 95% C. L. on the strength of the ALP coupling to photons, g(gamma a) < 2.1 x 10(-11) GeV-1 for an ALP mass between 15 and 60 neV. The results depend on assumptions on the magnetic field around the source, which are chosen conservatively. The derived constraints apply to both light pseudoscalar and scalar bosons that couple to the electromagnetic field.

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Author:Attila Abramowski, F. Acero, Felix Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Anguener, Gisela Anton, S. Balenderan, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, M. Chretien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, M. Dalton, M. K. Daniel, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, H. J. Dickinson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, L. O'C. Drury, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, M. Fuessling, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, H. Gast, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Goering, M. -H. Grondin, M. Grudzinska, S. Haeffner, J. D. Hague, J. Hahn, J. Harris, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, Markus Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, B. Khelifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, T. Kneiske, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krueger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lefaucheur, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J-P. Lenain, D. Lennarz, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C-C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, T. J. L. McComb, M. C. Medina, J. Mehault, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, E. Moulin, T. Murach, C. L. Naumann, M. de Naurois, D. Nedbal, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, L. Oakes, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, J. Perez, P-O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, M. Raue, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, L. Rob, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schuessler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, H. Sol, G. Spengler, F. Spiess, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, Christian Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Szostek, J-P. Tavernet, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Voelk, F. Volpe, M. Vorster, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, M. Ward, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Woernlein, D. Wouters, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H-S. Zechlin
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.102003
ISSN:1550-7998 (print)
ISSN:1550-2368 (online)
Parent Title (English):Physical review : D, Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology
Publisher:American Physical Society
Place of publication:College Park
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Creating Corporation:HESS Collaboration
Release Date:2017/03/26
Volume:88
Issue:10
Pagenumber:12
Funder:German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF); Max Planck Society; German Research Foundation (DFG); French Ministry for Research; CNRS-IN2P3; Astroparticle Interdisciplinary Program of the CNRS; United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); IPNP of the Charles University; Czech Science Foundation; Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; South African Department of Science and Technology; National Research Foundation; University of Namibia; European Community [ERC-StG-259391]
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert