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Homogeneous phase copolymerizations of vinylidene fluoride and hexafluoropropene in supercritical carbon dioxide

  • Copolymerizations of vinylidene fluoride (VDF) and hexafluoropropene (HFP) were carried out in homogeneous phase with supercritical carbon dioxide up to complete VDF conversion using conventional peroxide initiators. The HFP monomer feed ratios, f(HFP), were varied between 0.65 and 0.20. Depending on f(HFP) amorphous or semi-crystalline copolymers were obtained. f(HFP) also determines the minimum pressure required to allow for homogeneous phase reactions. For example, HFP-rich copolymerizations in 70 wt.-% CO(2) at 100 degrees C require a pressure of around 500 bar. Further, bulk copolymerizations in homogenous phase were feasible for f(HFP) 0.65 at 900 bar up to complete VDF conversion. Copolymerizations in the presence of perfluorinated hexyl iodide carried out at 75 degrees C gave access to low dispersity polymers. Due to homogeneous phase conditions the use of any surfactants or fluorinated cosolvent is avoided.

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Metadaten
Author:Eleonore Möller, Sabine Beuermann
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/mren.201000031
ISSN:1862-832X (print)
Parent Title (English):Macromolecular reaction engineering
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Place of publication:Weinheim
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:copolymerization; hexafluoropropene; phase behavior; supercritical CO(2); vinylidene fluoride
Volume:5
Issue:1
Pagenumber:14
First Page:8
Last Page:21
Funder:Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [BE-2033/2-1]; Dyneon GmbH; EU; state of Brandenburg
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert