• search hit 5 of 22
Back to Result List

Free Radical Copolymerization Kinetics of gamma-Methyl-alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone (MeMBL)

  • The propagation kinetics and copolymerization behavior of the biorenewable monomer gamma-methyl-alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone (MeMBL) are studied using the Pulsed laser polymerization (PLP)/size exclusion chromatography (SEC) technique. The propagation rate coefficent for MeMBL is 15% higher than that of its structural analogue, methyl methacrylate (MMA), with a similar activation energy of 21.8 kJ . mol(-1). When compared to MMA, MeMBL is preferentially incorporated into copolymers when reacted with styrene (ST), MMA, and n-butyl acrylate (BA); the monomer reactivity ratios fit from bulk MeMBL/ST, MeMBL/MMA, and MeMBL/BA copolymerizations are r(MeMBL) = 0.80 +/- 0.04 and r(ST) = 0.34 +/- 0.04, r(MeMBL), = 3.0 +/- 0.3 and r(MMA) = 0.33 +/- 0.01, and r(MeMBL) = 7.0 +/- 2.0 and r(BA) = 0.16 +/- 0.03, respectively. In all cases, no significant variation with temperature was found between 50 and 90 degrees C. The implicit penultimate unit effect (IPUE) model was found to adequately fit the composition-averaged copolymerizationThe propagation kinetics and copolymerization behavior of the biorenewable monomer gamma-methyl-alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone (MeMBL) are studied using the Pulsed laser polymerization (PLP)/size exclusion chromatography (SEC) technique. The propagation rate coefficent for MeMBL is 15% higher than that of its structural analogue, methyl methacrylate (MMA), with a similar activation energy of 21.8 kJ . mol(-1). When compared to MMA, MeMBL is preferentially incorporated into copolymers when reacted with styrene (ST), MMA, and n-butyl acrylate (BA); the monomer reactivity ratios fit from bulk MeMBL/ST, MeMBL/MMA, and MeMBL/BA copolymerizations are r(MeMBL) = 0.80 +/- 0.04 and r(ST) = 0.34 +/- 0.04, r(MeMBL), = 3.0 +/- 0.3 and r(MMA) = 0.33 +/- 0.01, and r(MeMBL) = 7.0 +/- 2.0 and r(BA) = 0.16 +/- 0.03, respectively. In all cases, no significant variation with temperature was found between 50 and 90 degrees C. The implicit penultimate unit effect (IPUE) model was found to adequately fit the composition-averaged copolymerization propagation rate coefficient, k(p,cop), for the three systems.show moreshow less

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author:Robert A. Cockburn, Rebekka Siegmann, Kevin A. Payne, Sabine Beuermann, Timothy F. L. McKenna, Robin A. Hutchinson
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/bm200400s
ISSN:1525-7797 (print)
Parent Title (English):Biomacromolecules : an interdisciplinary journal focused at the interface of polymer science and the biological sciences
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Place of publication:Washington
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Volume:12
Issue:6
Pagenumber:8
First Page:2319
Last Page:2326
Funder:Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; European Union; state of Brandenburg
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert