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Language and Arithmetic

  • We examined cross-domain semantic priming effects between arithmetic and language. We paired subtractions with their linguistic equivalent, exception phrases (EPs) with positive quantifiers (e.g., “everybody except John”) while pairing additions with their own linguistic equivalent, EPs with negative quantifiers (e.g., “nobody except John”; Moltmann, 1995). We hypothesized that EPs with positive quantifiers prime subtractions and inhibit additions while EPs with negative quantifiers prime additions and inhibit subtractions. Furthermore, we expected similar priming and inhibition effects from arithmetic into semantics. Our design allowed for a bidirectional analysis by using one trial's target as the prime for the next trial. Two experiments failed to show significant priming effects in either direction. Implications and possible shortcomings are explored in the general discussion.

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Author:Golnoush Ronasi, Martin H. FischerORCiDGND, Malte ZimmermannORCiD
Parent Title (German):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe
Subtitle (English):A Failure to Find Cross Cognitive Domain Semantic Priming Between Exception Phrases and Subtraction or Addition
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (469)
Document Type:Postprint
Date of first Publication:2018/10/08
Year of Completion:2018
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2018/10/08
Tag:arithmetic; cognitive module; cross-domain priming; information integration; language
Source:Frontiers in Psychology 9 (2018) Art. 1524 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01524
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Strukturbereich Kognitionswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert
Publication Way:Open Access
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung, 4.0 International
Notes extern:Bibliographieeintrag der Originalveröffentlichung/Quelle