• search hit 8 of 1412
Back to Result List

Institutionalised Co-operation on International Communication : The International Administrative Unions as a Means of Governing Globalisation Processes

  • The nineteenth century witnessed restoration and reformation, the heyday of the nation state in Europe and inter-state cooperation at the same time. Driven by technical progress, communication across borders became an everyday phenomenon demanding transnational cooperation and regulation. Whereas in the political field irregular conferences turned out to be an appropriate instrument for governing transnational cooperation, a more constant and institutionalised matter proved to be adequate for technical cooperation. In 1865, the International Telegraph Convention set up a relevant administrative union which merged in 1932 with the International Radiotelegraph Union from 1906 to form the newly labelled International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The parties to the ITU met regularly in so-called plenipotentiary conferences every 3 years. Already in 1875 the International Telegraph Convention was completely redrafted and the organisation’s structure changed. The contracting parties created an instrument that paved the way for a modernThe nineteenth century witnessed restoration and reformation, the heyday of the nation state in Europe and inter-state cooperation at the same time. Driven by technical progress, communication across borders became an everyday phenomenon demanding transnational cooperation and regulation. Whereas in the political field irregular conferences turned out to be an appropriate instrument for governing transnational cooperation, a more constant and institutionalised matter proved to be adequate for technical cooperation. In 1865, the International Telegraph Convention set up a relevant administrative union which merged in 1932 with the International Radiotelegraph Union from 1906 to form the newly labelled International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The parties to the ITU met regularly in so-called plenipotentiary conferences every 3 years. Already in 1875 the International Telegraph Convention was completely redrafted and the organisation’s structure changed. The contracting parties created an instrument that paved the way for a modern form of international standard setting. The new, simplified convention contained only general provisions of a policy nature that would remain in effect for an “indeterminate length of time” (Art. 20), detailed rules of a transitory and specific nature that might be subject to frequent changes with the progress of technology were put into the “Regulations for international service” (also known as the Telegraph Regulations). The newly established “administrative conferences” attended by technical experts from the member states were responsible for revising the regulations when necessary. This was an early example of the transferral of power from sovereign nation states to an international organisation in order to govern transnational communication effectively. The administrative unions, as the first examples in modern history, show the ability of self-interested rational agents to overcome collective action dilemmas, i.e. situations where cooperation avoids sub-optimal outcomes for cooperators. The newly created institutions shaped a spirit of cooperation and the practice of standard setting proved that cooperation is effective. Furthermore, they show the spill-over effects of cooperation: increased cooperation in one area leads to increased cooperation in other areas.show moreshow less

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author:Norman WeißORCiDGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32934-0
ISBN:978-3-642-32934-0 (online)
ISBN:978-3-642-32933-3 (print)
ISSN:2191-656X
Parent Title (English):The Nation State and Beyond : Governing Globalization Processes in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (Transcultural Research - Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context)
Publisher:Springer
Place of publication:Berlin, Heidelberg
Editor:Isabella Löhr, Roland Wenzlhuemer
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:German
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2010
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2017/05/31
First Page:65
Last Page:82
Organizational units:Zentrale und wissenschaftliche Einrichtungen / MenschenRechtsZentrum
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 34 Recht / 341 Völkerrecht
Peer Review:Referiert
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht