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Conformational Analysis of 3-Methyl-3-Silathiane and 3-Fluoro-3-Methyl-3-Silathiane

  • The conformational equilibria of 3-methyl-3-silathiane 5, 3-fluoro-3-methyl-3-silathiane 6 and 1-fluoro-1-methyl-1- silacyclohexane 7 have been studied using low temperature C-13 NMR spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. The conformer ratio at 103 K was measured to be about 5(ax):5(eq) - 15:85, 6(ax):6(eq)-50:50 and 7(ax):7(eq)-25:75. The equatorial preference of the methyl group in 5 (0.35 kcal mol(-1)) is much less than in 3-methylthiane 9 (1.40 kcal mol(-1)) but somewhat greater than in 1-methyl-1-silacyclohexane 1 (0.23 kcal mol(-1)). Compounds 5-7 have low barriers to ring inversion: 5.65 (ax -> eq) and 6.0 kcal mol(-1) (eq -> ax) (5), 4.6 kcal mol(-1) (6), 5.1 kcal mol(-1) (Me-ax -> Me-eq), and 5.4 kcal mol(-1) (Me-eq -> Me-ax) (7). Steric effects cannot explain the observed conformational preferences, like equal population of the two conformers of 6, or different conformer ratio for 5 and 7. Actually, by employing the NBO analysis, in particular, considering the second order perturbation energies, vicinal stereoelectronicThe conformational equilibria of 3-methyl-3-silathiane 5, 3-fluoro-3-methyl-3-silathiane 6 and 1-fluoro-1-methyl-1- silacyclohexane 7 have been studied using low temperature C-13 NMR spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. The conformer ratio at 103 K was measured to be about 5(ax):5(eq) - 15:85, 6(ax):6(eq)-50:50 and 7(ax):7(eq)-25:75. The equatorial preference of the methyl group in 5 (0.35 kcal mol(-1)) is much less than in 3-methylthiane 9 (1.40 kcal mol(-1)) but somewhat greater than in 1-methyl-1-silacyclohexane 1 (0.23 kcal mol(-1)). Compounds 5-7 have low barriers to ring inversion: 5.65 (ax -> eq) and 6.0 kcal mol(-1) (eq -> ax) (5), 4.6 kcal mol(-1) (6), 5.1 kcal mol(-1) (Me-ax -> Me-eq), and 5.4 kcal mol(-1) (Me-eq -> Me-ax) (7). Steric effects cannot explain the observed conformational preferences, like equal population of the two conformers of 6, or different conformer ratio for 5 and 7. Actually, by employing the NBO analysis, in particular, considering the second order perturbation energies, vicinal stereoelectronic interactions between the Si-X and adjacent C-H, C-S, and C-C bonds proved responsible.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Svetlana V. Kirpichenko, Erich Kleinpeter, Igor A. Ushakov, Bagrat A. Shainyan
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/poc.1758
ISSN:0894-3230 (print)
Parent Title (English):Journal of physical organic chemistry
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication:Hoboken
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:3-silathianes; NBO analysis; conformational analysis; low-temperature NMR spectroscopy; quantum chemical calculations
Volume:24
Issue:4
Pagenumber:7
First Page:320
Last Page:326
Funder:Russian Foundation for Basic Research; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [08-03-91954)]
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert