• search hit 42 of 267
Back to Result List

Antiparasitic and anticancer carvotacetone derivatives of Sphaeranthus bullatus

  • The CH2Cl2-MeOH (1:1) extract of the aerial parts of Sphaeranthus bullatus, an annual herb native to tropical East Africa, showed activity against chloroquine sensitive D6 (IC50 9.7 mu g/mL) and chloroquine resistant W2 (IC50 15.0 mu g/mL) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Seventeen secondary metabolites were isolated from the extract through conventional chromatographic techniques and identified using various spectroscopic methods. The compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial, antileishmanial and anticancer activities revealing activity of four carvotacetone derivatives, namely 3-acetoxy-7-hydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (1) 3,7-dihydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (2), 3-acetoxy-5,7-dihydroxycarvotacetone (3) and 3,5,7-trihydroxycarvotacetone (4); with antiplasmodial IC50 values of 1.40, 0.79, 0.60 and 3.40 mu g/mL, respectively, against chloroquine sensitive D6 strains of P. falciparum; antiplasmodial activity of IC50 2.00, 0.90, 0.68 and 2.80 mu g/mL respectively, against chloroquine resistant W2 strains of P.The CH2Cl2-MeOH (1:1) extract of the aerial parts of Sphaeranthus bullatus, an annual herb native to tropical East Africa, showed activity against chloroquine sensitive D6 (IC50 9.7 mu g/mL) and chloroquine resistant W2 (IC50 15.0 mu g/mL) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Seventeen secondary metabolites were isolated from the extract through conventional chromatographic techniques and identified using various spectroscopic methods. The compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial, antileishmanial and anticancer activities revealing activity of four carvotacetone derivatives, namely 3-acetoxy-7-hydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (1) 3,7-dihydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (2), 3-acetoxy-5,7-dihydroxycarvotacetone (3) and 3,5,7-trihydroxycarvotacetone (4); with antiplasmodial IC50 values of 1.40, 0.79, 0.60 and 3.40 mu g/mL, respectively, against chloroquine sensitive D6 strains of P. falciparum; antiplasmodial activity of IC50 2.00, 0.90, 0.68 and 2.80 mu g/mL respectively, against chloroquine resistant W2 strains of P. falciparum, antileishmanial IC50, values of 0.70, 3.00, 0.70 and 17.00 mu g/mL, respectively, against the parasite L. donovanii promastigotes, and anticancer activity against human SK-MEL, KB, BT-549 and SK-OV-3 tumor cells, with IC50 values between <1.1 - 5.3 mu g/mL, for 1-3. In addition, cytotoxic effects of the active compounds were evaluated against monkey kidney fibroblasts (VERO) and pig kidney epithelial cells (LLC-PK11). The structures of carvotacetone derivatives were determined by ID and 2D NMR spectroscopy; the absolute stereochemical configuration of 3-acetoxy-7-hydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (I) was determined as 3R, 4R, 5S by circular dichroism, specific rotation, H-1 NMR and 2D NMR ROESY and NOESY experiments.show moreshow less

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author:Francis Machumi, Abiy Yenesew, Jacob O. Midiwo, Matthias Heydenreich, Erich Kleinpeter, Babu L. Tekwani, Shabana I. Khan, Larry A. Walker, Ilias Muhammad
ISSN:1934-578X (print)
Parent Title (English):Natural product communications : an international journal for communications and reviews
Publisher:NPC
Place of publication:Westerville
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2012
Year of Completion:2012
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:Anticancer; Antileishmanial; Antiplasmodial; Asteraceae; Carvotacetones; Sphaeranthus bullatus
Volume:7
Issue:9
Pagenumber:4
First Page:1123
Last Page:1126
Funder:US Department of Defense CDMRP [W81XWH-09]; USDA Agricultural Research Service [58-6408-2-0009]; German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD); Natural Products Research Network for Eastern and Central Africa (NAPRECA)
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert