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Towards a sociological explanation of violence in conflicts of social orders

  • The article argues that the uprisings during the Arab Spring as well as the riots in either the banlieues of French cities or in London have to be considered as violent conflicts that pose a serious threat to the social orders in which they emerge. These different kinds of social resistance have in common that they communicate more or less developed alternative conceptions of social orders that challenge what has been considered legitimate so far. Until now, sociology has neither successfully explained such kinds of conflicts nor the way they are triggered. Therefore, the article discusses crucial problems of a sociology of violence, i.e. violence as term and concept, theoretical and methodological deficits and, finally, assumptions about the role of violence in conflict-ridden processes of modernization and civilization in general. The article argues that a sociology of violence should concentrate on the nexus of social order and violence in order to explain how and why violent conflicts emerge in specific social contexts. Thus, aThe article argues that the uprisings during the Arab Spring as well as the riots in either the banlieues of French cities or in London have to be considered as violent conflicts that pose a serious threat to the social orders in which they emerge. These different kinds of social resistance have in common that they communicate more or less developed alternative conceptions of social orders that challenge what has been considered legitimate so far. Until now, sociology has neither successfully explained such kinds of conflicts nor the way they are triggered. Therefore, the article discusses crucial problems of a sociology of violence, i.e. violence as term and concept, theoretical and methodological deficits and, finally, assumptions about the role of violence in conflict-ridden processes of modernization and civilization in general. The article argues that a sociology of violence should concentrate on the nexus of social order and violence in order to explain how and why violent conflicts emerge in specific social contexts. Thus, a sociology of violence should take an effort to reconstruct the crucial social mechanisms that underlie the dynamics of emerging violence in processes of production and reproduction of social order.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Jürgen Mackert
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11609-013-0210-y
ISSN:0863-1808 (print)
ISSN:1862-2593 (online)
Parent Title (German):Berliner Journal für Soziologie = Journal de sociologie de Berlin
Publisher:Springer
Place of publication:Wiesbaden
Document Type:Article
Language:German
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:Collective violence; Conceptions of social orders; Conflicts of social orders; Legitimization; Relational sociology; Social order; Social relations
Volume:23
Issue:1
Pagenumber:23
First Page:91
Last Page:113
Organizational units:Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Sozialwissenschaften
Peer Review:Referiert