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Novel anthracene materials for applications in lithography and reversible photoswitching by light and air

  • Herein we demonstrate how the photoreaction between anthracenes and singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) is employed for applications either as photoswitch or as photoresist. Thin Films of the diaryl-alkyl anthracene 1 and the analogous oligomeric species 2 were it-radiated under photomasks to generate pattern structures composed of 1/1-O-2 and 2/2-O-2. Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) provided a powerful and nondestructive method to image the pattern information. The following studies based on AFM, KPFM and contact angle measurements unfold that the two species 1 and 2 underwent different progressions after the imaging step. Degrading is observed for the monomeric compound 1 and the pattern eventually becomes recognizable in topography. In the oxidized state (1-O-2) the monomeric species remains physically stable. In consequence, the unreacted portion is removable and the remaining oxygenated form 1-O-2 is sufficiently stable to protect in underlying substrate (e.g., silver) from etching. Thus, the system 1/1-O-2 operates as photoresist. OilHerein we demonstrate how the photoreaction between anthracenes and singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) is employed for applications either as photoswitch or as photoresist. Thin Films of the diaryl-alkyl anthracene 1 and the analogous oligomeric species 2 were it-radiated under photomasks to generate pattern structures composed of 1/1-O-2 and 2/2-O-2. Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) provided a powerful and nondestructive method to image the pattern information. The following studies based on AFM, KPFM and contact angle measurements unfold that the two species 1 and 2 underwent different progressions after the imaging step. Degrading is observed for the monomeric compound 1 and the pattern eventually becomes recognizable in topography. In the oxidized state (1-O-2) the monomeric species remains physically stable. In consequence, the unreacted portion is removable and the remaining oxygenated form 1-O-2 is sufficiently stable to protect in underlying substrate (e.g., silver) from etching. Thus, the system 1/1-O-2 operates as photoresist. Oil the other hand, both states of the oligomier 2 remain stable. The Film is stable up to temperatures > 120 degrees C required to erase the pattern within acceptable time by cycloreversion. Anthracene 2 therefore acts as erasable and rewritable photochromic switch. The different behavior between 1 and 2 is explained by phase transitions which cause crystallization and finally ablation. Such transitions affect only the monomeric system 1/1-O-2 and not the oligomeric system 2/2-O-2. In conclusion, we designed two very similar materials based on diarylanthracenes, which can act either as a photoresist or as a rewritable photochrornic switch.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Werner Fudickar, Torsten LinkerORCiDGND
URL:http://pubs.acs.org/journal/langd5
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/La904299n
ISSN:0743-7463
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2010
Year of Completion:2010
Release Date:2017/03/25
Source:Langmuir. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 26 (2010), 6, S. 4421 - 4428
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert