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Poly-alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes derived from castor oil via ADMET polymerization

  • 10-Undecenal, derived by pyrolysis and reduction from castor oil, was almost quantitatively transformed into the corresponding aldol condensation product under basic conditions. This alpha,omega-diene monomer was polymerized using acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerization. In a catalyst screening, four of nine different ruthenium-based metathesis catalysts showed good reactivity under neat conditions at 80 degrees C in the presence of 1,4-benzoquinone and polymers with molecular weights up to 11 kDa were formed. Furthermore, the (1)H NMR spectra showed that the metathesis catalysts tolerate the alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde function and due to the addition of benzoquinone, the degree of double bond isomerization was low. Further experiments investigating reduced catalyst amounts (down to 0.2 mol%) and the temperature dependence of these ADMET polymerizations gave also satisfying results for the formation of poly-alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes. Moreover, ADMET polymerizations with different amounts of methyl 10-undecenoate as10-Undecenal, derived by pyrolysis and reduction from castor oil, was almost quantitatively transformed into the corresponding aldol condensation product under basic conditions. This alpha,omega-diene monomer was polymerized using acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerization. In a catalyst screening, four of nine different ruthenium-based metathesis catalysts showed good reactivity under neat conditions at 80 degrees C in the presence of 1,4-benzoquinone and polymers with molecular weights up to 11 kDa were formed. Furthermore, the (1)H NMR spectra showed that the metathesis catalysts tolerate the alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde function and due to the addition of benzoquinone, the degree of double bond isomerization was low. Further experiments investigating reduced catalyst amounts (down to 0.2 mol%) and the temperature dependence of these ADMET polymerizations gave also satisfying results for the formation of poly-alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes. Moreover, ADMET polymerizations with different amounts of methyl 10-undecenoate as chain-stopper were performed and the integrals of the corresponding (1)H NMR spectra allowed the determination of an absolute degree of polymerization. Finally, a reduction of a poly-alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde with sodium borohydride was accomplished. The resulting poly-(allyl alcohol) could be a useful compound in the generation of polymer networks like polyesters, polyurethanes, and polycarbonates and thus be of high interest in materials research.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Oliver Kreye, Tommy Toth, Michael A. R. Meier
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201000108
ISSN:1438-7697 (print)
Parent Title (English):European journal of lipid science and technology
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Place of publication:Weinheim
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:ADMET; Aldol condensation; Castor oil; Poly(allyl alcohol)s; Poly-alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes
Volume:113
Issue:1
Pagenumber:8
First Page:31
Last Page:38
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert