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Judging the animacy of words : The influence of typicality and age of acquisition in a semantic decision task

  • The age at which members of a semantic category are learned (age of acquisition), the typicality they demonstrate within their corresponding category, and the semantic domain to which they belong (living, non-living) are known to influence the speed and accuracy of lexical/semantic processing. So far, only a few studies have looked at the origin of age of acquisition and its interdependence with typicality and semantic domain within the same experimental design. Twenty adult participants performed an animacy decision task in which nouns were classified according to their semantic domain as being living or non-living. Response times were influenced by the independent main effects of each parameter: typicality, age of acquisition, semantic domain, and frequency. However, there were no interactions. The results are discussed with respect to recent models concerning the origin of age of acquisition effects.

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Author:Romy Räling, Sandra HanneGND, Astrid Schröder, Carla Keßler, Isabell WartenburgerORCiDGND
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (305)
Document Type:Postprint
Date of first Publication:2016/09/07
Year of Completion:2016
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2016/10/19
Tag:Age of acquisition; Animacy decision; Semantic classification task; Typicality
Source:The quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2016). - DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1223704
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Strukturbereich Kognitionswissenschaften / Department Linguistik
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert
Publication Way:Open Access
Grantor:Taylor & Francis Open Access Agreement
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung, 4.0 International