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Jewish history in early modern and modern Europe as a history of migrations

  • The article describes the history of Jews in Europe from the end of the Middle Ages until the aftermath of the Second World War as a sequence of migrational processes. It thereby demonstrates how the migration paradigm can contribute to a comprehensive understanding of European Jewish history during the given period by better explaining the various types of settlement, as well as other central phenomena of Jewish existence, such as inclusion/exclusion, assimilation/acculturation, and anti-Semitism. The article tries to assess the significance of the "religious factor" within the complex interdependencies between so-called "push" and "pull" factors that determined the individual migrations. In most cases, religious motives played only a minor role, while economic factors tended to dominate, particularly in regard to the functions Jews, as members of a minority, were permitted to carry out in the context of non-Jewish majority societies.

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Author:Thomas BrechenmacherGND
ISSN:0018-2621 (print)
Parent Title (German):Historisches Jahrbuch
Place of publication:Freiburg Breisgau
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
First Page:27
Last Page:45
Organizational units:Philosophische Fakultät / Historisches Institut
Peer Review:Referiert