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Reading strategy modulates parafoveal-on-foveal effects in sentence reading

  • Task demands and individual differences have been linked reliably to word skipping during reading. Such differences in fixation probability may imply a selection effect for multivariate analyses of eye-movement corpora if selection effects correlate with word properties of skipped words. For example, with fewer fixations on short and highly frequent words the power to detect parafoveal-on-foveal effects is reduced. We demonstrate that increasing the fixation probability on function words with a manipulation of the expected difficulty and frequency of questions reduces an age difference in skipping probability (i.e., old adults become comparable to young adults) and helps to uncover significant parafoveal-on-foveal effects in this group of old adults. We discuss implications for the comparison of results of eye-movement research based on multivariate analysis of corpus data with those from display-contingent manipulations of target words.

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Author:Christiane Wotschack, Reinhold KlieglORCiDGND
ISSN:1747-0218 (print)
Parent Title (English):The quarterly journal of experimental psychology
Place of publication:Hove
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:Distributed processing; Eye movements in reading; Fixational selectivity; Parafoveal-on-foveal effects; Reading strategy
First Page:548
Last Page:562
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert