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Parafoveal processing efficiency in rapid automatized naming a comparison between Chinese normal and dyslexic children

  • Dyslexic children are known to be slower than normal readers in rapid automatized naming (RAN). This suggests that dyslexics encounter local processing difficulties, which presumably induce a narrower perceptual span. Consequently, dyslexics should suffer less than normal readers from removing parafoveal preview. Here we used a gaze-contingent moving window paradigm in a RAN task to experimentally test this prediction. Results indicate that dyslexics extract less parafoveal information than control children. We propose that more attentional resources are recruited to the foveal processing because of dyslexics' less automatized translation of visual symbols into phonological output, thereby causing a reduction of the perceptual span. This in turn leads to less efficient preactivation of parafoveal information and, hence, more difficulty in processing the next foveal item.

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Metadaten
Author:Ming YanORCiDGND, Jinger Pan, Jochen LaubrockORCiDGND, Reinhold KlieglORCiDGND, Hua Shu
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2013.01.007
ISSN:0022-0965 (print)
Parent Title (English):Journal of experimental child psychology
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:San Diego
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:Dyslexia; Eye movement; Linear mixed model; Parafoveal processing; Perceptual span; Rapid automatized naming
Volume:115
Issue:3
Pagenumber:11
First Page:579
Last Page:589
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert