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Morphological and genetic evidence for early Holocene cattle management in northeastern China

  • The domestication of cattle is generally accepted to have taken place in two independent centres: around 10,500 years ago in the Near East, giving rise to modern taurine cattle, and two millennia later in southern Asia, giving rise to zebu cattle. Here we provide firmly dated morphological and genetic evidence for early Holocene management of taurine cattle in northeastern China. We describe conjoining mandibles from this region that show evidence of oral stereotypy, dated to the early Holocene by two independent C-14 dates. Using Illumina high-throughput sequencing coupled with DNA hybridization capture, we characterize 15,406 bp of the mitogenome with on average 16.7-fold coverage. Phylogenetic analyses reveal a hitherto unknown mitochondrial haplogroup that falls outside the known taurine diversity. Our data suggest that the first attempts to manage cattle in northern China predate the introduction of domestic cattle that gave rise to the current stock by several thousand years.

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Author:Hucai Zhang, Johanna L. A. PaijmansORCiDGND, Fengqin Chang, Xiaohong Wu, Guangjie Chen, Chuzhao Lei, Xiujuan Yang, Zhenyi Wei, Daniel G. Bradley, Ludovic Orlando, Terry O'Connor, Michael HofreiterORCiDGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3755
ISSN:2041-1723 (print)
Parent Title (English):Nature Communications
Publisher:Nature Publ. Group
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2013
Year of Completion:2013
Release Date:2017/03/26
Volume:4
Issue:6
Pagenumber:7
Funder:NSFC [41030102, 40903004, 31072001]; CAS
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Peer Review:Referiert